Reference  basic functions
The Calculated Metrics Builder lets you apply statistical and mathematical functions to build Advanced Calculated Metrics.
Here is an alphabetical list of the functions and their definitions.
Table Functions versus Row Functions
A table function is one where the output is the same for every row of the table. A row function is one where the output is different for every row of the table.
Absolute Value (Row)
Returns the absolute value of a number. The absolute value of a number is the number with a positive value.
ABS(metric)
Column Maximum
Returns the largest value in a set of dimension elements for a metric column. MAXV evaluates vertically within a single column (metric) across dimension elements.
MAXV(metric)
Column Minimum
Returns the smallest value in a set of dimension elements for a metric column. MINV evaluates vertically within a single column (metric) across dimension elements.
MINV(metric)
Column Sum
Adds all of the numeric values for a metric within a column (across the elements of a dimension).
SUM(metric)
Count (Table)
Returns the number, or count, of nonzero values for a metric within a column (the number of unique elements reported within a dimension).
COUNT(metric)
Exponent (Row)
Returns e raised to the power of a given number. The constant e equals 2.71828182845904, the base of the natural logarithm. EXP is the inverse of LN, the natural logarithm of a number.
EXP(metric)
Exponentiation
Power Operator
pow(x,y) = xy = x*x*x*… (y times)
Mean (Table)
Returns the arithmetic mean, or average, for a metric in a column.
MEAN(metric)
Median (Table)
Returns the median for a metric in a column. The median is the number in the middle of a set of numbers—that is, half the numbers have values that are greater than or equal to the median, and half are less than or equal to the median.
MEDIAN(metric)
Modulo
The remainder of col1 / col2, using Euclidean division.
Returns the remainder after dividing x by y.
x = floor(x/y) + modulo(x,y)
The return value has the same sign as the input (or is zero).
modulo(4,3) = 1
modulo(4,3) = 1
modulo(3,3) = 0
To always get a positive number, use
modulo(modulo(x,y)+y,y)
Percentile (Table)
Returns the kth percentile of values for a metric. You can use this function to establish a threshold of acceptance. For example, you can decide to examine dimension elements who score above the 90 percentile.
PERCENTILE(metric,k)
Quartile (Table)
Returns the quartile of values for a metric. For example, quartiles can be used to find the top 25% of products driving the most revenue. MINV, MEDIAN, and MAXV return the same value as QUARTILE when quart is equal to 0 (zero), 2, and 4, respectively.
QUARTILE(metric,quart)
*If quart = 0, QUARTILE returns the minimum value. If quart = 1, QUARTILE returns the first quartile (25 percentile). If quart = 2, QUARTILE returns the first quartile (50 percentile). If quart = 3, QUARTILE returns the first quartile (75 percentile). If quart = 4, QUARTILE returns the maximum value.
Round
Returns the nearest integer for a given value. For example, if you want to avoid reporting currency decimals for revenue and a product has $569.34, use the formula Round( Revenue) to round revenue to the nearest dollar, or $569. A product reporting $569.51 will be round to the nearest dollar, or $570.
ROUND(metric)
Round without a digits parameter is the same as round with a digits parameter of 0, namely round to the nearest integer. With a digits parameter it returns that many digits to the right of the decimal. If digits is negative, it returns 0’s to the left of the decimal.
round( 314.15, 0) = 314
round( 314.15, 1) = 314.1
round( 314.15, 1) = 310
round( 314.15, 2) = 300
Row Count
Returns the count of rows for a given column (the number of unique elements reported within a dimension). “Uniques exceeded” is counted as 1.
Row Max
The maximum of the columns in each row.
Row Min
The minimum of the columns in each row.
Row Sum
The sum of the columns of each row.
Square Root (Row)
Returns the positive square root of a number. The square root of a number is the value of that number raised to the power of 1/2.
SQRT(metric)
Standard Deviation (Table)
Returns the standard deviation, or square root of the variance, based on a sample population of data.
The equation for STDEV is:
where x is the sample mean (metric) and n is the sample size.
STDEV(metric)
Variance (Table)
Returns the variance based on a sample population of data.
The equation for VARIANCE is:
where x is the sample mean, MEAN(metric), and n is the sample size.
VARIANCE(metric)
In order to calculate a variance you look at an entire column of numbers. From that list of numbers you first calculate the average. Once you have the average you go through each entry and do the following:

Subtract the average from the number.

Square the result.

Add that to the total.
Once you have iterated over the entire column you have a single total. You then divide that total by the number of items in the column. That number is the variance for the column. It is a single number. It is, however, displayed as a column of numbers.
As an example, let’s say you have a threeitem column:
1
2
3
The average of this column is 2. The variance for the column will be ((1  2)^{2} + (2  2)^{2} + (3  2)^{2}/3 = 2/3.