System requirements

Last update: 2023-12-08
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The following summarizes software dependencies and services tested for Adobe Commerce and Magento Open Source.

There are some differences in the dependencies for Commerce on Cloud infrastructure. Service version and compatibility support for Adobe Commerce on cloud infrastructure is determined by services tested and deployed to the hosted cloud environments, and sometimes differ from versions supported by Adobe Commerce on-premises deployments. For example, Elasticsearch 7.17 is supported for Commerce 2.4.4 for on-premise deployments, but OpenSearch 1.2 is supported for Commerce 2.4.4 on Cloud infrastructure.

The following tables show versions of third-party software dependencies that Adobe has tested with specific Adobe Commerce and Magento Open Source releases.

Adobe only supports the combination of system requirements described in the following tables. For example, 2.4.5 is fully tested with MariaDB 10.4. Adobe recommends that you upgrade to MariaDB 10.4 before upgrading to 2.4.5.

The Commerce on Cloud template provides a default configuration for services compatible with a specific Commerce version.

Software dependencies 2.4.7-beta2 2.4.6-p4 2.4.6-p3 2.4.6-p2 2.4.6-p1 2.4.6 2.4.5-p6 2.4.5-p5 2.4.5-p4 2.4.5-p3 2.4.5-p2 2.4.5-p1 2.4.5 2.4.4-p7 2.4.4-p6 2.4.4-p5 2.4.4-p4 2.4.4-p3 2.4.4-p2 2.4.4-p1 2.4.4 2.4.3-p3 2.4.2-p2
Composer 2.5 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 1 1
Elasticsearch -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 7.9
OpenSearch 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 --
MariaDB 10.6 10.6 10.6 10.6 10.6 10.6 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.4
PHP 8.2, 8.1 8.2, 8.1 8.2, 8.1 8.2, 8.1 8.2, 8.1 8.2, 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 7.4 7.4
RabbitMQ 3.11 3.11, 3.9 3.11, 3.9 3.11, 3.9 3.11, 3.9 3.11, 3.9 3.11, 3.9 3.11, 3.9 3.11, 3.9 3.11, 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.8
Redis 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.0 6.0

The services and versions are defined in the services.yaml file. The following is the default service configuration for Commerce 2.4.6 on Cloud infrastructure:

mysql:
    type: mysql:10.6
    disk: 5120

redis:
    type: redis:7.0

opensearch:
    type: opensearch:2
    disk: 1024

See Configure services in the Commerce on Cloud Infrastructure guide.

NOTE

Versions 2.4.4 and 2.4.5 support MySQL 8.0.0 through 8.0.28 only.

Software dependencies 2.4.7-beta2 2.4.6-p4 2.4.6-p3 2.4.6-p2 2.4.6-p1 2.4.6 2.4.5-p6 2.4.5-p5 2.4.5-p4 2.4.5-p3 2.4.5-p2 2.4.5-p1 2.4.5 2.4.4-p7 2.4.4-p6 2.4.4-p5 2.4.4-p4 2.4.4-p3 2.4.4-p2 2.4.4-p1 2.4.4 2.4.3-p3 2.4.2-p2
Composer 2.5 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 1 1
Elasticsearch 8.7 8.11, 7.17 8.5, 7.17 8.5, 7.17 8.5, 7.17 8.4, 7.17 7.17 7.17 7.17 7.17 7.17 7.17 7.17 7.17 7.17 7.17 7.17 7.17 7.16 7.16 7.16 7.16 7.9
OpenSearch 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.5 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 --
MariaDB 10.6 10.6 10.6 10.6 10.6 10.6 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.4 10.4
MySQL 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0
PHP 8.2, 8.1 8.2, 8.1 8.2, 8.1 8.2, 8.1 8.2, 8.1 8.2, 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 8.1 7.4 7.4
RabbitMQ 3.11 3.11, 3.9 3.11, 3.9 3.11, 3.9 3.11, 3.9 3.11, 3.9 3.11, 3.9 3.11, 3.9 3.11, 3.9 3.11, 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.8
Redis 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.0 6.0
Varnish 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.1 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.1 7.0 7.0 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.3 7.1 7.0 7.0 7.0 6.5 6.4
Apache 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.4
nginx 1.24 1.24 1.24 1.22 1.22 1.22 1.24 1.24 1.22 1.22 1.22 1.22 1.22 1.24 1.24 1.22 1.22 1.22 1.22 1.22 1.22 1.18 1.18
AWS Aurora (MySQL) 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.7 --
AWS S3 ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
AWS MQ 3.10.20 3.9.16 3.9.16 3.9.16 3.9.16 3.9.16 3.9.13 3.9.13 3.9.13 3.9.13 3.9.13 3.9.13 3.9.13 3.9.13 3.9.13 3.9.13 3.9.13 3.9.13 3.8.11 3.8.11 3.8.11 3.8.11 --
AWS ElastiCache Redis 7.0 Redis 6.2 Redis 6.2 Redis 6.2 Redis 6.2 Redis 6.2 Redis 6 Redis 6 Redis 6 Redis 6 Redis 6 Redis 6 Redis 6 Redis 6 Redis 6 Redis 6 Redis 6 Redis 6 Redis 6 Redis 6 Redis 6 Redis 6 --
AWS Elasticsearch -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 7.9 7.9 -- -- -- -- -- 7.9 7.9 7.9 7.9 --
AWS OpenSearch 2.5 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2 -- -- -- -- --

PHP settings

There are particular PHP configuration settings, such as the memory_limit setting, which can help you to avoid common problems when using Adobe Commerce and Magento Open Source. See Required PHP settings.

For Cloud configuration guidance, see PHP settings in the Commerce on Cloud Infrastructure guide.

PHP OPcache

It is recommended that you verify that PHP OPcache is enabled for performance reasons. The OPcache is enabled in many PHP distributions. The opcache extension is installed by default in the Commerce on Cloud infrastructure.

For on-premesis, verify that PHP OPcache it is installed, see PHP settings. Or for specific guidance on performance settings, see the software recommendations for PHP settings in the Performance Best Practices guide.

If you must install OPcache separately, see the PHP OPcache documentation.

PHP Process Control

Before you can run indexers in parallel mode, you must enable Process Control support (pcntl) in PHP. See Installation in the PHP documentation.

PHPUnit

PHPUnit (as a command-line tool) 9.0.0

PHP extensions

The PHP installation instructions include a step for installing these extensions.

TIP

For PHP extensions in the Cloud infrastructure, see Enable PHP extensions in the Commerce on Cloud Infrastructure guide.

The following table shows the supported PHP extensions when deploying Adobe Commerce on the Cloud platform.

Default extensions Installed extensions that cannot be uninstalled Extensions that can be installed and uninstalled as needed
bcmath
bz2
calendar
exif
gd
gettext
intl
mysqli
pcntl
pdo_mysql
soap
sockets
sysvmsg
sysvsem
sysvshm
opcache
zip
ctype
curl
date
dom
fileinfo
filter
ftp
hash
iconv
json
mbstring
mysqlnd
openssl
pcre
pdo
pdo_sqlite
phar
posix
readline
session
sqlite3
tokenizer
xml
xmlreader
xmlwriter
geoip
gmp
igbinary
imagick
imap
ioncube
ldap
mailparse
mcrypt
msgpack
mysqli
oauth
pdo_mysql
propro
pspell
raphf
recode
redis
shmop sockets
sodium
ssh2
tidy
xdebug
xmlrpc
xsl
yaml

Adobe Commerce requires:

  • ext-bcmath
  • ext-ctype
  • ext-curl
  • ext-dom
  • ext-fileinfo
  • ext-filter
  • ext-gd
  • ext-hash
  • ext-iconv
  • ext-intl
  • ext-json
  • ext-libxml
  • ext-mbstring
  • ext-openssl
  • ext-pcre
  • ext-pdo_mysql
  • ext-simplexml
  • ext-soap
  • ext-sockets
  • ext-sodium
  • ext-spl
  • ext-tokenizer
  • ext-xmlwriter
  • ext-xsl
  • ext-zip
  • ext-zlib
  • lib-libxml

B2B for Adobe Commerce requires:

  • ext-bcmath
  • ext-ctype
  • ext-curl
  • ext-dom
  • ext-fileinfo
  • ext-filter
  • ext-gd
  • ext-hash
  • ext-iconv
  • ext-intl
  • ext-json
  • ext-libxml
  • ext-mbstring
  • ext-openssl
  • ext-pcre
  • ext-pdo_mysql
  • ext-simplexml
  • ext-soap
  • ext-sockets
  • ext-sodium
  • ext-spl
  • ext-tokenizer
  • ext-xmlwriter
  • ext-xsl
  • ext-zip
  • ext-zlib
  • lib-libxml

Magento Open Source requires:

  • ext-bcmath
  • ext-ctype
  • ext-curl
  • ext-dom
  • ext-fileinfo
  • ext-filter
  • ext-gd
  • ext-hash
  • ext-iconv
  • ext-intl
  • ext-json
  • ext-libxml
  • ext-mbstring
  • ext-openssl
  • ext-pcre
  • ext-pdo_mysql
  • ext-simplexml
  • ext-soap
  • ext-sockets
  • ext-sodium
  • ext-tokenizer
  • ext-xmlwriter
  • ext-xsl
  • ext-zip
  • ext-zlib
  • lib-libxml

Refer to official PHP documentation for installation details.

Miscellaneous

This section describes support and compatibility for all other types of required and optional software.

NOTE

The following requirements apply to the latest 2.4.x patch release of Adobe Commerce and Magento Open Source. When relevant, Commerce on Cloud infrastructure guidance is provided.

Browsers

Storefront and Admin:

  • Microsoft Edge (latest and previous major version)
  • Firefox (latest and previous major version; any operating system)
  • Chrome (latest and previous major version; any operating system)
  • Safari (latest and previous major version; macOS only)
  • Safari Mobile for iPad 2, iPad Mini, iPad with Retina Display (iOS 12 or later), for desktop storefront
  • Safari Mobile for iPhone 6 or later; iOS 12 or later, for mobile storefront
  • Chrome for mobile (latest and previous major version [Android™ 4 or later] for mobile storefront)

Mail server

Mail Transfer Agent (MTA) or an SMTP server. Commerce on Cloud infrastructure uses the SendGrid email service.

Memory

Upgrading the applications and extensions you obtain from the Commerce Marketplace and other sources can require up to 2 GB of RAM. If you are using a system with less than 2 GB of RAM, create a swap file; otherwise, your upgrade might fail.

Operating systems (Linux x86-64)

Linux distributions, such as RedHat Enterprise Linux (RHEL), CentOS, Ubuntu, Debian, and similar. Microsoft Windows and macOS are not supported.

Adobe Commerce and Magento Open Source require the following system tools for some operations:

SSL

  • A valid security certificate is required for HTTPS.
  • Self-signed SSL certificates are not supported.
  • Transport Layer Security (TLS) requirement - PayPal and repo.magento.com both require TLS 1.2 or later.

For Commerce on Cloud infrastructure, see Fastly configuration in the Commerce on Cloud Infrastructure guide.

Xdebug

For Adobe Commerce and Magento Open Source, use php_xdebug 2.5.x or later (development environments only; can have an adverse effect on performance).

For Adobe Commerce on Cloud, see Configure Xdebug in the Commerce on Cloud Infrastructure guide.

NOTE

There is a known issue with xdebug that can affect Adobe Commerce or Magento Open Source installations or access to the storefront or Admin after installation. See Known issue that affects xdebug installation in the Commerce Support Knowledge Base.

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