實施推送追蹤

上次更新: 2024-01-12
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關於推播追蹤

若要確保推播通知已完全開發,您必須確保追蹤部分已正確實施,因為並非每個推播通知都啟用追蹤。 若要啟用此功能,開發人員需要識別哪些傳遞已啟用追蹤,Adobe Campaign Standard會傳送稱為的標幟 _acsDeliveryTracking 具有兩個值 關閉. 應用程式開發人員應僅針對將變數設為的傳遞傳送傳送追蹤請求 .

重要

在21.1版本之前設定的傳送或使用自訂範本的傳送無法使用此變數。

推播追蹤分為三種型別:

  • 推播曝光次數 — 當推播通知成功傳送到裝置時,位於通知中心且沒有任何使用者互動。

  • 推送點按 — 當推播通知已傳送至裝置,且使用者已按一下裝置時。 使用者想要檢視通知(進而將移至推播開啟追蹤)或關閉通知。

  • 推送開啟 — 當推播通知已傳送至裝置,且使用者已按一下導致應用程式開啟的通知。 這類似於「推送點按」,但如果通知已關閉,則不會觸發「推送開啟」。

若要實作Campaign Standard追蹤,行動應用程式必須包含Adobe Experience Platform SDK。 這些SDK可在 Adobe Experience Platform SDK檔案.

若要傳送追蹤資訊,有三個變數需要傳送。 其中兩個是從Campaign Standard收到的資料的一部分,另一個是指示其是否為的動作變數 印象按一下開啟.

變數
broadlogId 來自資料的_mId
deliveryId 來自資料的_dId
動作 「1」代表「開啟」,「2」代表「點選」,「7」代表「印象」

Android實作

如何實作推播曝光追蹤

針對曝光追蹤,您必須傳送值「7」才能在呼叫時執行動作 collectMessageInfo()trackAction() 函式。

對於21.1版本之前建立的傳送或使用自訂範本的傳送,請參閱此 區段.

@Override
public void onMessageReceived(RemoteMessage remoteMessage) {
....{Handle push messages}....
  if (data.size() > 0) {
    String deliveryId = data.get("_dId");
    String messageId = data.get("_mId");
    String acsDeliveryTracking = data.get("_acsDeliveryTracking");

    /*
    This is to handle deliveries created before 21.1 release or deliveries with custom template
    where acsDeliveryTracking is not available.
    */
    if( acsDeliveryTracking == null ) {
        acsDeliveryTracking = "on";
    }

    HashMap<String, String> contextData = new HashMap<>();
    if( deliveryId != null && messageId != null && acsDeliveryTracking.equals("on")) {
      contextData.put("deliveryId", deliveryId);
      contextData.put("broadlogId", messageId);
      contextData.put("action", "7");

    //If you are using ACPCore v1.4.0 or later, use the next line.

      MobileCore.collectMessageInfo(contextData);

    //Else comment out the above line and uncomment the line below

    //MobileCore.trackAction("tracking", contextData) ;
    }
  }
}

如何實作點選追蹤

針對點選追蹤,您必須傳送值「2」才能在呼叫時執行動作 collectMessageInfo()trackAction() 函式。
若要追蹤點選,需要處理兩個案例:

  • 使用者看到通知但將其清除。
  • 使用者看到通知並按一下即可將其轉換為開啟追蹤。

若要處理此問題,您需要使用兩個意圖:一個用於按一下通知,另一個用於解除通知。

對於21.1版本之前建立的傳送或使用自訂範本的傳送,請參閱此 區段.

MyFirebaseMessagingService.java

private void sendNotification(Map<String, String> data) {
    Intent openIntent = new Intent(this, CollectPIIActivity.class);
    Intent dismissIntent = new Intent(this, NotificationDismissedReceiver.class);
    openIntent.addFlags(Intent.FLAG_ACTIVITY_CLEAR_TOP);

    //put the data map into the intent to track clickthroughs
    Bundle pushData = new Bundle();
    Set<String> keySet = data.keySet();
    for (String key : keySet) {
        pushData.putString(key, data.get(key));
    }
    openIntent.putExtras(pushData);
    dissmissIntent.putExtras(pushData);


    PendingIntent pendingIntent = PendingIntent.getActivity(this, 0, openIntent,
        PendingIntent.FLAG_UPDATE_CURRENT);
    PendingIntent onDismissPendingIntent = PendingIntent.getBroadcast(this.getApplicationContext(), 0, dismissIntent, 0);

    //<BUILD NOTIFICATION using notification builder>
    //Add both Intents to the notification
    notificationBuilder.setContentIntent(pendingIntent);
    notificationBuilder.setDeleteIntent(onDismissPendingIntent);
}

為了的 BroadcastReceiver 若要使用,您需要將它註冊到 AndroidManifest.xml

<manifest>
    <application>
        <receiver android:name=".NotificationDismissedReceiver">
        </receiver>
    </application>
</manifest>

NotificationDismessedReceiver.java

public class NotificationDismissedReceiver extends BroadcastReceiver {
    private static final String TAG = NotificationDismissedReceiver.class.getSimpleName();
    @Override
    public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
        Bundle data = intent.getExtras();
        String deliveryId = data.getString("_dId");
        String messageId = data.getString("_mId");
        String acsDeliveryTracking = data.get("_acsDeliveryTracking");

        /*
        This is to handle deliveries created before 21.1 release or deliveries with custom template
        where acsDeliveryTracking is not available.
        */
        if( acsDeliveryTracking == null ) {
            acsDeliveryTracking = "on";
        }

        HashMap<String, Object> contextData = new HashMap<>();

        //We only send the click tracking since the user dismissed the notification
        if (deliveryId != null && messageId != null && acsDeliveryTracking.equals("on")) {
            contextData.put("deliveryId", deliveryId);
            contextData.put("broadlogId", messageId);
            contextData.put("action", "2");

        //If you are using ACPCore v1.4.0 or later, use the next line.

            MobileCore.collectMessageInfo(contextData);

        //Else comment out the above line and uncomment the line below

            //MobileCore.trackAction("tracking", contextData);
        }
    }
}

如何實作開啟追蹤

您必須傳送「1」和「2」,因為使用者必須按一下「通知」才能開啟應用程式。 如果未透過推播通知啟動/開啟應用程式,則不會發生追蹤事件。

若要追蹤開啟,您需要建立目的。 意圖物件可讓Android作業系統在完成某些動作時呼叫方法。 在此情況下,請按一下通知以開啟應用程式。

此程式碼以點按曝光追蹤的實施為基礎。 替換為 Intent 已設定,您現在需要將追蹤資訊傳回Adobe Campaign Standard。 在此情況下,您需要將 Open Intent 若要開啟應用程式中的特定檢視,這會呼叫onResume方法,並在其中加入通知資料 Intent Object.

對於21.1版本之前建立的傳送或使用自訂範本的傳送,請參閱此 區段.

@Override
protected void onResume() {
    super.onResume();
    handleTracking();
}


private void handleTracking() {
    //Check to see if this view was opened based on a notification
    Intent intent = getIntent();
    Bundle data = intent.getExtras();

    if (data != null) {
        //This was opened based on the notification, you need to get the tracking that was passed on.
        String deliveryId = data.getString("_dId");
        String messageId = data.getString("_mId");
        String acsDeliveryTracking = data.get("_acsDeliveryTracking");
        /*
        This is to handle deliveries created before 21.1 release or deliveries with custom template
        where acsDeliveryTracking is not available.
        */
        if( acsDeliveryTracking == null) {
            acsDeliveryTracking = "on";
        }

        HashMap<String, String> contextData = new HashMap<>();

        if (deliveryId != null && messageId != null && acsDeliveryTracking.equals("on")) {
            contextData.put("deliveryId", deliveryId);
            contextData.put("broadlogId", messageId);
            contextData.put("action", "2");

            //Send Click Tracking since the user did click on the notification

                //If you are using ACPCore v1.4.0 or later, use the next line.

                MobileCore.collectMessageInfo(contextData);

                //Else comment out the above line and uncomment the line below

                //MobileCore.trackAction("tracking", contextData);

                //Send Open Tracking since the user opened the app

                contextData.put("action", "1");

                //If you are using ACPCore v1.4.0 or later, use the next line.

                MobileCore.collectMessageInfo(contextData);
                //Else comment out the above line and uncomment the line below

                //MobileCore.trackAction("tracking", contextData);
        }
    }
}

iOS實作

如何實作推播曝光追蹤

針對曝光追蹤,您必須傳送值「7」才能在呼叫時執行動作 collectMessageInfo()trackAction() 函式。

若要瞭解iOS通知的運作方式,應用程式的三種狀態需要詳細說明:

  • 前景:當應用程式目前作用中並位於熒幕上(在前景中)時。
  • 背景:當應用程式不在熒幕上,但程式未關閉時。 按兩下「首頁」按鈕時,通常會顯示背景中的所有應用程式。
  • 關閉/關閉:其程式已終止的應用程式。

為了仍然擁有 Impression 應用程式於背景執行時,追蹤系統仍需運作,我們需傳送 Content-Available 讓應用程式知道必須完成追蹤。

注意

如果應用程式已關閉,Apple將不會呼叫應用程式,直到重新啟動應用程式為止。 這表示您將無法知道何時在iOS上收到通知。
基於此原因,iOS曝光追蹤可能不準確,且不應被視為可靠。

對於21.1版本之前建立的傳送或使用自訂範本的傳送,請參閱此 區段.

下列程式碼會鎖定背景應用程式:

// In didReceiveRemoteNotification event handler in AppDelegate.m

//In order to handle push notification when only in background with content-available: 1
func application(_ application: UIApplication, didReceiveRemoteNotification userInfo: [AnyHashable : Any], fetchCompletionHandler completionHandler: @escaping (UIBackgroundFetchResult) -> Void) {

        //Check if the app is not in the foreground right now
        if(UIApplication.shared.applicationState != .active) {
            let deliveryId = userInfo["_dId"] as? String
            let broadlogId = userInfo["_mId"] as? String
            let acsDeliveryTracking = userInfo["_acsDeliveryTracking"] as? String
            /*
            This is to handle deliveries created before 21.1 release or deliveries with custom template where acsDeliveryTracking is not available.
            */
            if( acsDeliveryTracking == nil ) {
                acsDeliveryTracking = "on";
            }
            if (deliveryId != nil && broadlogId != nil && acsDeliveryTracking?.caseInsensitiveCompare("on") == ComparisonResult.orderedSame) {

            //If you are using ACPCore v2.3.0 or later, use the next line.

                ACPCore.collectMessageInfo(["deliveryId": deliveryId!, "broadlogId": broadlogId!, "action":"7"])

            //Else comment out the above line and uncomment the line below

                //ACPCore.trackAction("tracking", data: ["deliveryId": deliveryId!, "broadlogId": broadlogId!, "action":"7"])
            }
        }
        completionHandler(UIBackgroundFetchResult.noData)
    }

下列程式碼會鎖定前景應用程式:

// This will get called when the app is in the foreground

func userNotificationCenter(_ center: UNUserNotificationCenter, willPresent notification: UNNotification, withCompletionHandler completionHandler: @escaping (UNNotificationPresentationOptions) -> Void) {


        let userInfo = notification.request.content.userInfo
        let deliveryId = userInfo["_dId"] as? String
        let broadlogId = userInfo["_mId"] as? String
        let acsDeliveryTracking = userInfo["_acsDeliveryTracking"] as? String
        /*
        This is to handle deliveries created before 21.1 release or deliveries with custom template where acsDeliveryTracking is not available.
        */
        if( acsDeliveryTracking == nil ) {
            acsDeliveryTracking = "on";
        }
        if (deliveryId != nil && broadlogId != nil && acsDeliveryTracking?.caseInsensitiveCompare("on") == ComparisonResult.orderedSame) {

            //If you are using ACPCore v2.3.0 or later, use the next line.

                ACPCore.collectMessageInfo(["deliveryId": deliveryId!, "broadlogId": broadlogId!, "action":"7"])

            //Else comment out the above line and uncomment the line below

                //ACPCore.trackAction("tracking", data: ["deliveryId": deliveryId!, "broadlogId": broadlogId!, "action":"7"])
            }
        completionHandler([.alert,.sound])
    }

如何實作點選追蹤

針對點選追蹤,您必須傳送值「2」才能在呼叫時執行動作 collectMessageInfo()trackAction() 函式。
對於21.1版本之前建立的傳送或使用自訂範本的傳送,請參閱此 區段.

// AppDelegate.swift
...
import os.log
import UserNotifications
...

func registerForPushNotifications() {
        let center = UNUserNotificationCenter.current()
        center.delegate = notificationDelegate
        //Here we are creating a new Category that allows us to handle Dismiss Actions
        let defaultCategory = UNNotificationCategory(identifier: "DEFAULT", actions: [], intentIdentifiers: [], options: .customDismissAction)
        //Add it to our array of Category, in this case we only have one
        center.setNotificationCategories([defaultCategory])
        center.requestAuthorization(options: [.alert, .sound, .badge]) {
            (granted, error) in
            os_log("Permission granted: %{public}@", type:. debug, granted.description)
            if error != nil {
                return
            }
            if granted {
                os_log("Notifications allowed", type: .debug)
            }
            else {
                os_log("Notifications denied", type: .debug)
            }

            // 2. Attempt registration for remote notifications on the main thread
            DispatchQueue.main.async {
                UIApplication.shared.registerForRemoteNotifications()
            }
        }
    }

現在,當您傳送推播通知時,您需要新增類別。 在此案例中,我們將其命名為「DEFAULT」。

然後處理 Dismiss 並傳送您需要新增下列專案的追蹤資訊:

func userNotificationCenter(_ center: UNUserNotificationCenter, didReceive response: UNNotificationResponse, withCompletionHandler completionHandler: @escaping () -> Void) {
        let userInfo = response.notification.request.content.userInfo
        switch response.actionIdentifier {
        case UNNotificationDismissActionIdentifier:
            print("Dismiss Action")
            let deliveryId = userInfo["_dId"] as? String
            let broadlogId = userInfo["_mId"] as? String
            let acsDeliveryTracking = userInfo["_acsDeliveryTracking"] as? String
            /*
            This is to handle deliveries created before 21.1 release or deliveries with custom template where acsDeliveryTracking is not available.
            */
            if( acsDeliveryTracking == nil ) {
                acsDeliveryTracking = "on";
            }
            if (deliveryId != nil && broadlogId != nil && acsDeliveryTracking?.caseInsensitiveCompare("on") == ComparisonResult.orderedSame) {

            //If you are using ACPCore v2.3.0 or later, use the next line.

                ACPCore.collectMessageInfo(["deliveryId": deliveryId!, "broadlogId": broadlogId!, "action":"2"])

            //Else comment out the above line and uncomment the line below

                //ACPCore.trackAction("tracking", data: ["deliveryId": deliveryId!, "broadlogId": broadlogId!, "action":"2"])
            }
        default:
            ////MORE CODE
        }
        completionHandler()
    }

如何實作開啟追蹤

您必須傳送「1」和「2」,因為使用者必須按一下「通知」才能開啟應用程式。 如果未透過推播通知啟動/開啟應用程式,則不會發生追蹤事件。

對於21.1版本之前建立的傳送或使用自訂範本的傳送,請參閱此 區段.

import Foundation
import UserNotifications
import UserNotificationsUI

class NotificationDelegate: NSObject, UNUserNotificationCenterDelegate {

    // Called when user clicks the push notification or also called from willPresent()
    func userNotificationCenter(_ center: UNUserNotificationCenter, didReceive response: UNNotificationResponse, withCompletionHandler completionHandler: @escaping () -> Void) {

        let userInfo = response.notification.request.content.userInfo
        os_log("App push data %{public}@, in userNotificationCenter:didReceive()", type: .debug, userInfo)
        switch response.actionIdentifier {
        case UNNotificationDismissActionIdentifier:
            //This is to handle the Dismiss Action
            let deliveryId = userInfo["_dId"] as? String
            let broadlogId = userInfo["_mId"] as? String
            let acsDeliveryTracking = userInfo["_acsDeliveryTracking"] as? String
            /*
            This is to handle deliveries created before 21.1 release or deliveries with custom template where acsDeliveryTracking is not available.
            */
            if( acsDeliveryTracking == nil ) {
                acsDeliveryTracking = "on";
            }
            if (deliveryId != nil && broadlogId != nil && acsDeliveryTracking?.caseInsensitiveCompare("on") == ComparisonResult.orderedSame) {

            //If you are using ACPCore v2.3.0 or later, use the next line.

                ACPCore.collectMessageInfo(["deliveryId": deliveryId!, "broadlogId": broadlogId!, "action":"2"])

            //Else comment out the above line and uncomment the line below

                //ACPCore.trackAction("tracking", data: ["deliveryId": deliveryId!, "broadlogId": broadlogId!, "action":"2"])

            }
        default:
            //This is to handle the tracking when the app opens
            let deliveryId = userInfo["_dId"] as? String
            let broadlogId = userInfo["_mId"] as? String
            let acsDeliveryTracking = userInfo["_acsDeliveryTracking"] as? String
            /*
            This is to handle deliveries created before 21.1 release or deliveries with custom template where acsDeliveryTracking is not available.
            */
            if( acsDeliveryTracking == nil ) {
                acsDeliveryTracking = "on";
            }
            if (deliveryId != nil && broadlogId != nil && acsDeliveryTracking?.caseInsensitiveCompare("on") == ComparisonResult.orderedSame) {
            //If you are using ACPCore v2.3.0 or later, use the next line.

                ACPCore.collectMessageInfo(["deliveryId": deliveryId!, "broadlogId": broadlogId!, "action":"2"])

            //Else comment out the above line and uncomment the line below

                //ACPCore.trackAction("tracking", data: ["deliveryId": deliveryId!, "broadlogId": broadlogId!, "action":"2"])

            //If you are using ACPCore v2.3.0 or later, use the next line.

                ACPCore.collectMessageInfo(["deliveryId": deliveryId!, "broadlogId": broadlogId!, "action":"1"])

            //Else comment out the above line and uncomment the line below

                //ACPCore.trackAction("tracking", data: ["deliveryId": deliveryId!, "broadlogId": broadlogId!, "action":"1"])

            }
        }
        completionHandler()
    }
}

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