Developing (generic) developing-generic

API documentation is also available.

The integration framework includes an integration layer with an API. This lets you build AEM components for eCommerce capabilities (independent of your specific eCommerce engine). It also lets you use the internal CRX database or to plug in an eCommerce system and pull product data into AEM.

Several out-of-the-box AEM components are provided to use the integration layer. Currently these are:

  • A product display component
  • A shopping cart
  • Promotions and vouchers
  • Catalog and section blueprints
  • Check-out
  • Search

For search, an integration hook is provided that lets you use the Adobe Experience Manager (AEM) search, a third-party search, or a combination thereof.

eCommerce Engine Selection ecommerce-engine-selection

The eCommerce framework can be used with any eCommerce solution, the engine being used must be identified by AEM - even when using the AEM generic engine:

  • eCommerce Engines are OSGi services supporting the CommerceService interface

    • Engines can be distinguished by a commerceProvider service property
  • AEM supports Resource.adaptTo() for CommerceService and Product

    • The adaptTo implementation looks for a cq:commerceProvider property in the resource’s hierarchy:

      • If found, the value is used to filter the commerce service lookup.
      • If not found, the highest-ranked commerce service is used.
    • A cq:Commerce mixin is used so the cq:commerceProvider can be added to strongly typed resources.

  • The cq:commerceProvider property is also used to reference the appropriate commerce factory definition.

    • For example, a cq:commerceProvider property with the value Geometrixx correlates to the OSGi configuration for Day CQ Commerce Factory for Geometrixx-Outdoors (com.adobe.cq.commerce.hybris.impl.GeoCommerceServiceFactory) - where the parameter commerceProvider also has the value geometrixx.
    • Here further properties can be configured (when appropriate and available).

In a standard AEM installation a specific implementation is required, for example:

cq:commerceProvider = geometrixx
geometrixx example; this includes minimal extensions to the generic API

Example example

+ cq:commerceProvider = geometrixx
  + adobe-logo-shirt
    + cq:commerceType = product
    + price = 12.50
  + adobe-logo-shirt_S
    + cq:commerceType = variant
    + size = S
  + adobe-logo-shirt_XL
    + cq:commerceType = variant
    + size = XL
    + price = 14.50
Using CRXDE Lite you can see how this is handled in the product component for the AEM generic implementation:

Session Handling session-handling

A session to store information related to the customer’s shopping cart.

The CommerceSession:

  • Owns the shopping cart

    • performs add/remove/etc

    • performs the various calculations on the cart;

      commerceSession.getProductPriceInfo(Product product, Predicate filter)

  • Owns persistence of the order data:


  • Can retrieve/update delivery details by using updateOrder(Map<String, Object> delta)

  • Owns the payment processing connection

  • Owns the fulfillment connection

Architecture architecture

Architecture of Product and Variants architecture-of-product-and-variants

A single product can have multiple variations; for instance, it might vary by color and/or size. A product must define which properties drive variation; Adobe terms these variant axes.

However, not all properties are variant axes. Variations can also affect other properties; for example, the price might depend on size. These properties cannot be selected by the shopper and therefore are not considered variant axes.

Each product and/or variant is represented by a resource, and therefore maps 1:1 to a repository node. It is a corollary that a specific product and/or variant can be uniquely identified by its path.

Any product resource can be represented by a Product API. Most calls in the product API are variation-specific (although variations might inherit shared values from an ancestor), but there are also calls which list the set of variations ( getVariantAxes(), getVariants(), and so on).

In effect, a variant axes is determined by whatever Product.getVariantAxes() returns:
  • for the generic implementation, AEM reads it from a property in the product data ( cq:productVariantAxes)
While products (in general) can have many variant axes, the out-of-the-box product component only handles two:
  1. size

  2. plus one more

    This additional variant is selected via the variationAxis property of the product reference (usually color for Geometrixx Outdoors).

Product References and PIM Data product-references-and-pim-data

In general:

  • PIM data is located under /etc

  • Product references under /content.

There must be a 1:1 map between product variations and product data nodes.

Product references must also have a node for each variation presented - but there is no requirement to present all variations. For instance, if a product has S, M, L variations, the product data might be:


While a “Big and Tall” catalog might have only:


Finally, there is no requirement to use product data. You can place all product data under the references in the catalog; but then you cannot really have multiple catalogs without duplicating all the product data.


com.adobe.cq.commerce.api.Product interface com-adobe-cq-commerce-api-product-interface

public interface Product extends Adaptable {

    public String getPath();            // path to specific variation
    public String getPagePath();        // path to presentation page for all variations
    public String getSKU();             // unique ID of specific variation

    public String getTitle();           // shortcut to getProperty(TITLE)
    public String getDescription();     // shortcut to getProperty(DESCRIPTION)
    public String getImageUrl();        // shortcut to getProperty(IMAGE_URL)
    public String getThumbnailUrl();    // shortcut to getProperty(THUMBNAIL_URL)

    public <T> T getProperty(String name, Class<T> type);

    public Iterator<String> getVariantAxes();
    public boolean axisIsVariant(String axis);
    public Iterator<Product> getVariants(VariantFilter filter) throws CommerceException;

com.adobe.cq.commerce.api.VariantFilter com-adobe-cq-commerce-api-variantfilter

 * Interface for filtering variants and AxisFilter provided as common implementation
 * The <code>VariantFilter</code> is used to filter variants,
 * for example, when using {@link Product#getVariants(VariantFilter filter)}.
public interface VariantFilter {
    public boolean includes(Product product);

 * A {@link VariantFilter} for filtering variants by the given
 * axis and value. The following example returns a list of
 * variant products that have a value of <i>blue</i> on the
 * <i>color</i> axis.
 * <p>
 * <code>product.getVariants(new AxisFilter("color", "blue"));</code>
public class AxisFilter implements VariantFilter {

    private String axis;
    private String value;

    public AxisFilter(String axis, String value) {
        this.axis = axis;
        this.value = value;

     * {@inheritDoc}
    public boolean includes(Product product) {
        ValueMap values = product.adaptTo(ValueMap.class);

        if(values != null) {
            String v = values.get(axis, String.class);

            return v != null && v == value;

        return false;
  • General Storage Mechanism

    • Product nodes are nt:unstructured.

    • A product node can be either:

      • A reference, with the product data stored elsewhere:

        • Product references contain a productData property, which points to the product data (typically under /etc/commerce/products).
        • The product data is hierarchical; product attributes are inherited from a product data node’s ancestors.
        • Product references can also contain local properties, which override those specified in their product data.
      • A product itself:

        • Without a productData property.
        • A product node which holds all properties locally (and does not contain a productData property) inherits product attributes directly from its own ancestors.
  • AEM-generic Product Structure

    • Each variant must have its own leaf node.
    • The product interface represents both products and variants, but the related repository node is specific about which it is.
    • The product node describes the product attributes and variant axes.

Example example-1

+ banyan_shirt
    - cq:commerceType = product
    - cq:productAttributes = [jcr:title, jcr:description, size, price, color]
    - cq:productVariantAxes = [color, size]
    - jcr:title = Banyan Shirt
    - jcr:description = Flowery, all-cotton shirt.
    - price = 14.00
    + banyan_shirt_s
        - cq:commerceType = variant
        - size = S
        + banyan_shirt_s_red
            - cq:commerceType = variant
            - color = red
        + banyan_shirt_s_blue
            - cq:commerceType = variant
            - color = blue
    + banyan_shirt_m
        - cq:commerceType = variant
        - size = M
        + banyan_shirt_m_red
            - cq:commerceType = variant
            - color = red
        + banyan_shirt_m_blue
            - cq:commerceType = variant
            - color = blue
    + banyan_shirt_l
        - cq:commerceType = variant
        - size = L
        + banyan_shirt_l_red
            - cq:commerceType = variant
            - color = red
        + banyan_shirt_l_blue
            - cq:commerceType = variant
            - color = blue
    + banyan_shirt_xl
        - cq:commerceType = variant
        - size = XL
        - price = 18.00

Architecture of the Shopping Cart architecture-of-the-shopping-cart


  • The shopping cart is owned by the CommerceSession:

    • The CommerceSession performs add, remove, and so on.
    • The CommerceSession also performs the various calculations on the cart.
    • The CommerceSession also applies vouchers and promotions that have fired to the cart.
  • While not directly cart-related, the CommerceSession must also provide catalog pricing information (since it owns pricing)

    • Pricing might have several modifiers:

      • Quantity discounts.
      • Different currencies.
      • VAT-liable and VAT-free.
    • The modifiers are open-ended with the following interface:

      • int CommerceSession.getQuantityBreakpoints(Product product)
      • String CommerceSession.getProductPrice(Product product)


  • Storage


  • Always drive personalization through the ClientContext.

  • A ClientContext /version/ of the cart is created in all cases:

    • Products should be added by using the CommerceSession.addCartEntry() method.
  • The following illustrates an example of cart information in the ClientContext cart:


Architecture of Checkout architecture-of-checkout

Cart and Order Data

The CommerceSession owns the three elements:

  1. Cart contents

    The cart contents schema is fixed by the API:

    code language-java
        public void addCartEntry(Product product, int quantity);
        public void modifyCartEntry(int entryNumber, int quantity);
        public void deleteCartEntry(int entryNumber);
  2. Pricing

    The pricing schema is also fixed by the API:

    code language-java
        public String getCartPreTaxPrice();
        public String getCartTax();
        public String getCartTotalPrice();
        public String getOrderShipping();
        public String getOrderTotalTax();
        public String getOrderTotalPrice();
  3. Order Details

    However, order details are not fixed by the API:

    code language-java
        public void updateOrderDetails(Map<String, String> orderDetails);
        public Map<String, String> getOrderDetails();
        public void submitOrder();

Shipping Calculations

  • Order forms must often present multiple shipping options (and prices).

  • The prices might be based on items and details of the order, such as weight and/or delivery address.

  • The CommerceSession has access to all the dependencies, so it can be treated in a similar manner as product pricing:

    • The CommerceSession owns shipping pricing.
    • Use updateOrder(Map<String, Object> delta) to retrieve/update delivery details.

Search Definition search-definition

Following the standard service API model, the eCommerce project provides a set of search-related APIs that can be implemented by individual commerce engines.

Currently, only the hybris engine implements the search API out-of-the-box.
However, the search API is generic and can be implemented by each CommerceService individually.
So although the generic implementation provided out-of-the-box does not implement this API, you can extend it and add the search functionality.

The eCommerce project contains a default search component in:



This use the search API to query the selected commerce engine (see eCommerce Engine Selection):

Search API search-api

There are several generic / helper classes provided by the core project:

  1. CommerceQuery

    Used to describe a search query (contains information about the query text, current page, page size, sort, and selected facets). All eCommerce services that implement the search API receive instances of this class to perform their search. A CommerceQuery can be instantiated from a request object ( HttpServletRequest).

  2. FacetParamHelper

    Is a utility class that provides one static method - toParams - that is used for generating GET parameter strings from a list of facets and one toggled value. This is useful on the UI side, where you need to display a hyperlink for each value of each facet, such that when the user clicks the hyperlink, the respective value is toggled. That is, if it was selected, it is removed from the query, otherwise it is added. This takes care of all the logic of handling multiple/single-valued facets, overriding values, and so on.

The entry point for the search API is the CommerceService#search method which returns a CommerceResult object. See the API Documentation for more information on this topic.

Developing Promotions and Vouchers developing-promotions-and-vouchers

  • Vouchers:

    • A Voucher is a page-based component that is created / edited with the Websites console and stored under:


    • Vouchers supply:

      • A voucher code (to be typed into the cart by the shopper).
      • A voucher label (to be displayed after the shopper has entered it into the cart).
      • A promotion path (which defines the action the voucher applies).
    • Vouchers do not have their own on and off date/times, but use those of their parent campaigns.

    • External commerce engines can also supply vouchers; these require a minimum of:

      • A voucher code
      • An isValid() method
    • The Voucher component ( /libs/commerce/components/voucher) provides:

      • A renderer for voucher administration; this shows any vouchers currently in the cart.
      • The edit dialog boxes (form) for administrating (adding/removing) the vouchers.
      • The actions required for adding/removing vouchers to/from the cart.
  • Promotions:

    • A Promotion is a page-based component that is created / edited with the Websites console and stored under:


    • Promotions supply:

      • A priority
      • A promotion handler path
    • You can connect promotions to a campaign to define their on/off date/times.

    • You can connect promotions to an experience to define their segments.

    • Promotions not connected to an experience do not fire on its own, but can still be fired by a Voucher.

    • The Promotion component ( /libs/commerce/components/promotion) contains:

      • renderers and dialogs for promotion administration
      • sub-components for rendering and editing configuration parameters specific to the promotion handlers
    • Two promotion handlers are supplied out of the box:

      • DiscountPromotionHandler, which applies a cart-wide absolute or percentage discount
      • PerfectPartnerPromotionHandler, which applies a product absolute or percentage discount if the partner product is also in the cart
    • The ClientContext SegmentMgr resolves segments and the ClientContext CartMgr resolves promotions. Each promotion that is subject to at least one resolved segment is fired.

      • Fired Promotions are sent back to the server by way of an AJAX call to recalculate the cart.
      • Fired Promotions (and added Vouchers) are also shown in the ClientContext panel.

Adding/Removing a voucher from a cart is accomplished via the CommerceSession API:

 * Apply a voucher to this session's cart.
 * @param code the voucher's code
 * @throws CommerceException
public void addVoucher(String code) throws CommerceException;

 * Remove a voucher that was previously added with {@link #addVoucher(String)}.
 * @param code the voucher's code
 * @throws CommerceException
public void removeVoucher(String code) throws CommerceException;

 * Get a list of vouchers that were added to this cart via {@link #addVoucher(String)}.
 * @throws CommerceException
public List<Voucher> getVouchers() throws CommerceException;

This way, the CommerceSession is responsible for checking whether a voucher exists and if it can be applied or not. This might be for vouchers that can only be applied if a certain condition is met. For example, when the total cart price is greater than $100. If a voucher cannot be applied for any reason, the addVoucher method throws an exception. Also, the CommerceSession is responsible for updating the cart’s prices after a voucher is added / removed.

The Voucher is a bean-like class that contains fields for:

  • Voucher code
  • A short description
  • Referencing the related promotion that indicates the discount type and value

The AbstractJcrCommerceSession provided can apply vouchers. The vouchers returned by the class getVouchers() are instances of cq:Page containing a jcr:content node with the following properties (among others):

  • sling:resourceType (String) - this needs to be commerce/components/voucher

  • jcr:title (String) - for the voucher’s description

  • code (String) - the code the user has to enter to apply this voucher

  • promotion (String) - the promotion to be applied; for example, /content/campaigns/geometrixx-outdoors/article/10-bucks-off

Promotion handlers are OSGi services that modify the shopping cart. The cart supports several hooks that are defined in the PromotionHandler interface.

 * Apply promotion to a cart line item. The method returns a discount
 * <code>PriceInfo</code> instance or <code>null</code> if no discount
 * was applied.
 * @param commerceSession The commerce session
 * @param promotion The configured promotion
 * @param cartEntry The cart line item
 * @return A discounted <code>PriceInfo</code> or <code>null</code>
public PriceInfo applyCartEntryPromotion(CommerceSession commerceSession,
                                         Promotion promotion, CartEntry cartEntry)
    throws CommerceException;

 * Apply promotion to an order. The method returns a discount
 * <code>PriceInfo</code> instance or <code>null</code> if no discount
 * was applied.
 * @param commerceSession The commerce session
 * @param promotion The configured promotion
 * @return A discounted <code>PriceInfo</code> or <code>null</code>
public PriceInfo applyOrderPromotion(CommerceSession commerceSession, Promotion promotion)
    throws CommerceException;

public PriceInfo applyShippingPromotion(CommerceSession commerceSession, Promotion promotion)
    throws CommerceException;

 * Allows a promotion handler to define a custom, author-oriented message for a promotion.
 * The {@link com.adobe.cq.commerce.common.promotion.PerfectPartnerPromotionHandler}, for instance,
 * uses this to list the qualifying pairs of products in the current cart.
 * @param commerceSession
 * @param promotion
 * @return A message to display
 * @throws CommerceException
public String getMessage(SlingHttpServletRequest request, CommerceSession commerceSession, Promotion promotion) throws CommerceException;

 * Informs the promotion handler that something under the promotions root has been edited, and the handler
 * should invalidate any caches it might be keeping.
public void invalidateCaches();

Three promotion handlers are provided out of the box:

  • DiscountPromotionHandler applies a cart-wide absolute or percentage discount
  • PerfectPartnerPromotionHandler applies a product absolute or percentage discount if the product partner is also in the cart
  • FreeShippingPromotionHandler applies free shipping