Customizing Video360 Viewer customizing-video-viewer

All visual customization and most behavior customization for the Video360 Viewer is done by creating a custom CSS.

The suggested workflow is to take the default CSS file for the appropriate viewer, copy it to a different location, customize it, and specify the location of the customized file in the style= command.

Default CSS files can be found at the following location:


The custom CSS file must contain the same class declarations as the default one. If a class declaration is omitted, the viewer does not function properly because it does not provide built-in default styles for user interface elements.

An alternative way to provide custom CSS rules is to use embedded styles directly on the web page or in one of linked external CSS rules.

When you create custom CSS, keep in mind that the viewer assigns .s7video360viewer class to its container DOM element. If you are using external CSS file passed with style= command, use .s7video360viewer class as parent class in descendant selector for your CSS rules. If you are doing embedded styles on the web page, also qualify this selector with an ID of the container DOM element as follows:


Building responsive designed CSS section-0bb49aca42d242d9b01879d5ba59d33b

It is possible to target different devices and embedding sizes in CSS to make your content display differently depending on a user’s device or a particular web page layout. This method includes, but is not limited to, different layouts, user interface element sizes, and artwork resolution.

The viewer supports two mechanisms of creating responsive designed CSS: CSS markers and standard CSS media queries. You can use markers or queries independently or together.

CSS markers

To help create responsive designed CSS, the viewer supports CSS markers. These markers are special CSS classes that are dynamically assigned to the top-level viewer container element. They are based on the run-time viewer size and the input type used on the current device.

The first group of CSS markers includes .s7size_large, .s7size_medium, and .s7size_small classes. They are applied based on the run-time area of the viewer container. If the viewer area is equal or bigger than the size of a common desktop monitor, then .s7size_large is used; if the area is close to a common tablet device then .s7size_medium is assigned. For areas similar to mobile phone screens, then .s7size_small is set. The primary purpose of these CSS markers is to create different user interface layouts for different screens and viewer sizes.

The second group of CSS Markers contains .s7mouseinput and .s7touchinput. The marker .s7touchinput is set if the current device has touch input capabilities; otherwise, .s7mouseinput is used. These markers are mostly intended to create user interface input elements with different screen sizes for different input types, because normally touch input requires larger elements. In case the device has both mouse input and touch capabilities, .s7touchinput is set and the viewer renders a touch-friendly user interface.

The following sample CSS sets the play/pause button size to 28x28 pixels on systems with mouse input and 56x56 pixels on touch devices. In addition, it hides the button completely if the viewer size is reduced significantly:

.s7video360viewer.s7mouseinput .s7playpausebutton {
.s7video360viewer.s7touchinput .s7playpausebutton {
.s7video360viewer.s7size_small .s7playpausebutton {

To target devices with different pixel density, you must use CSS media queries. The following media query block would contain CSS specific to high-density screens:

@media screen and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 1.5)

Using CSS markers is the most flexible way of building responsive designed CSS because it lets you target not only the device screen size but the actual viewer size, which is useful for responsive design layouts.

You can use the default viewer CSS file as an example of a CSS Markers approach.

CSS media queries

You can also accomplish device sensing by using pure CSS media queries. Everything enclosed within a given media query block is applied only when it is run on a corresponding device.

When applied to HTML5 mobile viewers use four CSS media queries, defined in your CSS, in the order listed below:

  1. Contains only rules specific for all touch devices.

    code language-none
    @media only screen and (max-device-width:13.5in) and (max-device-
    height:13.5in) and (max-device-width:799px),
    only screen and (max-device-width:13.5in) and (max-device-height:13.5in)
    and (max-device-height:799px)
  2. Contains only rules specific for tablets with high-resolution screens.

    code language-none
    @media only screen and (max-device-width:13.5in) and (max-device-height:13.5in) and (max-device-width:799px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio:1.5),
    only screen and (max-device-width:13.5in) and (max-device-height:13.5in) and (max-device-height:799px) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio:1.5)
  3. Contains only rules specific for all mobile phones.

    code language-none
    @media only screen and (max-device-width:9in) and (max-device-height:9in)
  4. Contains only rules specific for mobile phones with high-resolution screens.

    code language-none
    @media only screen and (max-device-width:9in) and (max-device-height:9in) and (-webkit-min-device-pixel-ratio: 1.5),
      only screen and (device-width:720px) and (device-height:1280px) and (-webkit-device-pixel-ratio: 2),
      only screen and (device-width:1280px) and (device-height:720px) and (-webkit-device-pixel-ratio: 2)

Using a media queries approach, you should organize CSS with device sensing as follows:

  • First, the desktop-specific section defines all properties that are either desktop-specific or common to all screens.
  • And second, the four media queries go in the order defined above and provide CSS rules that are specific for the corresponding device type.

There is no need to duplicate the entire viewer CSS in each media query. Only properties that are specific to given devices are redefined inside a media query.

CSS Sprites section-9b6d8d601cb441d08214dada7bb4eddc

Many viewer user interface elements are styled using bitmap artwork and have more than one distinct visual state. A good example is a button that normally has at least three different states: “up”, “over”, and “down”. Each state requires its own bitmap artwork assigned.

With a classic approach to styling, the CSS would have a separate reference to individual image file on the server for each state of the user interface element. The following is a sample CSS for styling a full-screen button:

.s7video360viewer.s7mouseinput .s7playpausebutton[selected='true'][state='up'] {
.s7video360viewer.s7mouseinput .s7playpausebutton[selected='true'][state='over'] {
.s7video360viewer.s7mouseinput .s7playpausebutton[selected='true'][state='down'] {
.s7video360viewer.s7mouseinput .s7playpausebutton[selected='true'][state='disabled'] {
.s7video360viewer.s7mouseinput .s7playpausebutton[selected='false'][state='up'] {
.s7video360viewer.s7mouseinput .s7playpausebutton[selected='false'][state='over'] {
.s7video360viewer.s7mouseinput .s7playpausebutton[selected='false'][state='down'] {
.s7video360viewer.s7mouseinput .s7playpausebutton[selected='false'][state='disabled'] {
.s7video360viewer.s7mouseinput .s7playpausebutton[selected='true'][replay='true'][state='up'] {
.s7video360viewer.s7mouseinput .s7playpausebutton[selected='true'][replay='true'][state='over'] {
.s7video360viewer.s7mouseinput .s7playpausebutton[selected='true'][replay='true'][state='down'] {
.s7video360viewer.s7mouseinput .s7playpausebutton[selected='true'][replay='true'][state='disabled'] {

The drawback to this approach is that the end user experiences flickering or delayed user interface response when the element is interacted with for the first time. This action occurs because the image artwork for the new element state is not yet downloaded. Also, this approach may have a slight negative impact on performance because of an increase in the number of HTTP calls to the server.

CSS sprites is a different approach where image artwork for all element states is combined into a single PNG file called a “sprite”. Such “sprite” has all visual states for the given element positioned one after another. When styling a user interface element with sprites, the same sprite image is referenced for all different states in the CSS. Also, the background-position property is used for each state to specify which part of the “sprite” image is used. You can structure a “sprite” image in any suitable way. Viewers normally have it vertically stacked. Below is a “sprite”-based example of styling the same full-screen button earlier:

.s7video360viewer .s7fullscreenbutton[state][selected]{
 background-image: url(images/v2/FullScreenButton_dark_sprite.png);
.s7video360viewer.s7mouseinput .s7fullscreenbutton[selected='true'][state='up'] {
background-position: -84px -1148px;
.s7video360viewer.s7mouseinput .s7fullscreenbutton[selected='true'][state='over'] {
background-position: -56px -1148px;
.s7video360viewer.s7mouseinput .s7fullscreenbutton[selected='true'][state='down'] {
background-position: -28px -1148px;
.s7video360viewer.s7mouseinput .s7fullscreenbutton[selected='true'][state='disabled'] {
background-position: -0px -1148px;
.s7video360viewer.s7mouseinput .s7fullscreenbutton[selected='false'][state='up'] {
background-position: -84px -1120px;
.s7video360viewer.s7mouseinput .s7fullscreenbutton[selected='false'][state='over'] {
background-position: -56px -1120px;
.s7video360viewer.s7mouseinput .s7fullscreenbutton[selected='false'][state='down'] {
background-position: -28px -1120px;
.s7video360viewer.s7mouseinput .s7fullscreenbutton[selected='false'][state='disabled'] {
background-position: -0px -1120px;

General styling notes and advice section-95855dccbbc444e79970f1aaa3260b7b

  • All paths to external assets within CSS are resolved against the CSS location, not the viewer HTML page location. Be aware of this rule when you copy the default CSS to a different location. Either copy the default assets as well or update paths within the custom CSS.

  • The preferred format for bitmap artwork is PNG.

  • Bitmap artwork is assigned to user interface elements using the background-image property.

  • The width and height properties of a user interface element define its logical size. The size of the bitmap passed to background-image does not affect logical size.

  • To use the high pixel density of high-resolution screens like Retina, specify bitmap artwork twice as large as the logical user interface element size. Then, apply the -webkit-background-size:contain property to scale the background down to the logical user interface element size.

  • To remove a button from the user interface, add display:none to its CSS class.

  • You can use various formats for color value that CSS supports. If you need transparency, use the format rgba(R,G,B,A). Otherwise, you can use the format #RRGGBB.

  • When customizing the viewer user interface with CSS, the use of the !IMPORTANT rule is not supported to style viewer elements. In particular, !IMPORTANT rule should not be used to override any default or run-time styling provided by the viewer or Viewer SDK. The reason is that it may affect the behavior of proper components. Instead, you should use CSS selectors with the proper specificity to set CSS properties that are documented in this reference guide.

Common User Interface Elements section-d6330c9be8c444aa9b2a07886e3dbc2a

The following is user interface elements reference documentation that applies to Video360 Viewer: