Set up a remote MySQL database connection

Sometimes you may want to host the database on a separate server instead of running the database server and the web server on the same machine.

Adobe has provided a way to connect to a MySQL server on a different machine. As of Adobe Commerce 2.4.3, you can also configure the application to use an Amazon Web Services (AWS) Aurora database with no code changes.

Aurora is a high-performance, fully compliant MySQL server hosted on AWS.

Connecting to an AWS Aurora database

Using Aurora as the database is as easy as specifying the database in the regular Adobe Commerce setup configuration, using the default database connector.

When running bin/magento setup:install, use the Aurora information in the db- fields:

bin/magento setup:install ... --db-host='' --db-name='magento2' --db-user='username' --db-password='password' ...

The db-host value is the Aurora URL with the https:// and trailing :portnumber removed.

Setting up a remote database connection

This is an advanced topic that should be used only by an experienced network administrator or database administrator. You must have root access to the file system and you must be able to log in to MySQL as root.


Before you begin, you must:

High availability

Use the following guidelines to configure remote database connections if your web server or database server are clustered:

  • You must configure a connection for each web server node.

  • Typically, you configure a database connection to the database load balancer; however, database clustering can be complex and configuring it is up to you. Adobe makes no specific recommendations for database clustering.

    For more information, see MySQL documentation.

Resolving connection issues

If you have issues connecting to either host, first ping the other host to make sure it is reachable. You might need to allow connections from one host to another by modifying firewall and SELinux rules (if you use SELinux).

Create the remote connection

To create a remote connection:

  1. On your database server, as a user with root privileges, open your MySQL configuration file.

    To locate it, enter the following command:

    code language-bash
    mysql --help

    The location displays similar to the following:

    code language-terminal
    Default options are read from the following files in the given order:
    /etc/my.cnf /etc/mysql/my.cnf /usr/etc/my.cnf ~/.my.cnf
    note note
    On Ubuntu 16, the path is typically /etc/mysql/mysql.conf.d/mysqld.cnf.
  2. Search the configuration file for bind-address.

    If it exists, change the value as follows.

    If it does not exist, add it to the [mysqld] section.

    code language-conf
    bind-address = <ip address of your web node>

    See MySQL documentation, especially if you have a clustered web server.

  3. Save your changes to the configuration file and exit the text editor.

  4. Restart the MySQL service:

    • CentOS: service mysqld restart

    • Ubuntu: service mysql restart

    note note
    If MySQL fails to start, look in syslog for the source of the issue. Resolve the issue using MySQL documentation or another authoritative source.

Grant access to a database user

To enable your web node to connect to the database server, you must grant a web node database user access to the database on the remote server.

This example grants the root database user full access to the database on the remote host.

To grant access to a database user:

  1. Log in to the database server.

  2. Connect to the MySQL database as the root user.

  3. Enter the following command:

    code language-shell
    GRANT ALL ON <local database name>.* TO <remote web node username>@<remote web node server ip address> IDENTIFIED BY '<database user password>';

    For example,

    code language-shell
    GRANT ALL ON magento_remote.* TO dbuser@ IDENTIFIED BY 'dbuserpassword';
    note note
    If your web server is clustered, enter the same command on every web server. You must use the same username for every web server.

Verify database access

On your web node host, enter the following command to verify the connection works:

mysql -u <local database username> -h <database server ip address> -p

If the MySQL monitor displays as follows, the database is ready for Adobe Commerce:

Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 213 Server version: 5.6.26 MySQL Community Server (GPL)

Copyright (c) 2000, 2015, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective owners.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

If your web server is clustered, enter the command on each web server host.

Install the Adobe Commerce

When you install Adobe Commerce, you must specify the following:

  • The base URL (also referred to as the store address) specifies the hostname or IP address of the web node
  • Database host is the remote database server IP address (or load balancer if the database server is clustered)
  • Database username is the local web node database user to which you gave access
  • Database password is the local web node user’s password
  • Database name is the name of the database on the remote server