Set up memcached on Ubuntu

This section provides instructions to install memcached on Ubuntu.

Adobe recommends using memcached version 3.0.5 or later.

Because PHP has no native support for memcache, you must install an extension for PHP to use it. There are two PHP extensions available and it is important to decode which to use:

  • memcache (no d)—an older but popular extension that is not maintained regularly.
    The memcache extension currently does not work with PHP 7. See PHP documentation for memcache.

    The exact name is php5-memcache for Ubuntu.

  • memcached (with a d)—a newer and maintained extension that is compatible with PHP 7. See PHP documentation for memcached.

    The exact name is php5-memcached for Ubuntu.

Install and configure memcached on Ubuntu

To install and configure memcached on Ubuntu:

  1. As a user with root privileges, enter the following command:

    code language-bash
    apt-get -y update
    code language-bash
    apt-get -y install php5-memcached memcached
  2. Change the memcached configuration setting for CACHESIZE and -l:

    1. Open /etc/memcached.conf in a text editor.

    2. Locate the -m parameter.

    3. Change its value to at least 1GB

    4. Locate the -l parameter.

    5. Change its value to or localhost

    6. Save your changes to memcached.conf and exit the text editor.

    7. Restart memcached.

      code language-bash
      service memcached restart
  3. Restart your web server.

    For Apache, service apache2 restart

  4. Continue with the next section.

Verify memcached works before installing Magento

Adobe recommends testing memcached to make sure it works before you install Commerce. Doing so takes only a few minutes and can simplify troubleshooting later.

Verify memcached is recognized by the web server

To verify that memcached is recognized by the web server:

  1. Create a phpinfo.php file in the web server’s docroot:

    code language-php
    // Show all information, defaults to INFO_ALL
  2. Go to that page in your web browser. For example:

    code language-http
  3. Make sure memcached displays as follows:

    Confirm memcached is recognized by the web server

    Verify you are using memcached version 3.0.5 or later.

    If memcached does not display, restart the web server and refresh the browser page. If it still does not display, verify you installed the php-pecl-memcached extension.

Verify memcached can cache data

This test uses a PHP script to verify that memcached can store and retrieve cache data.

For more information about this test, see How To Install and Use Memcache on Ubuntu tutorial.

Create cache-test.php in the web server’s docroot with the following contents:

$meminstance = new Memcached();

$meminstance->addServer("<memcached hostname or ip>", <memcached port>);

$result = $meminstance->get("test");

if ($result) {
    echo $result;
} else {
    echo "No matching key found. Refresh the browser to add it!";
    $meminstance->set("test", "Successfully retrieved the data!") or die("Could not save anything to memcached...");

Where <memcached hostname or ip> is either localhost,, or the memcache hostname or IP address. The <memcached port> is the listen port; by default, 11211.

Go to that page in a web browser. For example

The first time you go to the page, the following displays: No matching key found. Refresh the browser to add it!

Refresh the browser. The message changes to Successfully retrieved the data!

Finally, you can view the memcache keys using Telnet:

telnet localhost <memcache port>

At the prompt, enter

stats items

The result is similar to the following:

STAT items:2:number 1
STAT items:2:age 106
STAT items:2:evicted 0
STAT items:2:evicted_nonzero 0
STAT items:2:evicted_time 0
STAT items:2:outofmemory 0
STAT items:2:tailrepairs 0
STAT items:2:reclaimed 0
STAT items:2:expired_unfetched 0
STAT items:2:evicted_unfetched 0

Flush memcached storage and quit Telnet:


Additional information about the Telnet test