Set up Amazon Message Queue

As of Commerce 2.4.3, Amazon Message Queue (MQ) is available as a cloud-ready replacement for on-premises message queue instances.

To create a message queue on AWS, see Setting up Amazon MQ in the AWS documentation.

Configure Commerce for AWS MQ

In order to connect to the AWS MQ service, configure the queue.amqp object in the env.php file.
AWS Message Queue requires a SSL/TLS connection.

'queue' => [
    'amqp' => [
        'host' => '[host]', //example:
        'port' => 5671,
        'user' => 'yourusername',
        'password' => 'yourpassword',
        'virtualhost' => '/',

        // AWS fields to add
        'ssl' => 'true'


  • host—The url for the AMQP endpoint; available by clicking the broker name in AWS (remove “https://” and the trailing port number)
  • user—The username value entered when creating the AWS MQ broker
  • password—The password value entered when creating the AWS MQ broker
Amazon MQ supports TLS connections only. Peer verification is not supported.

After editing the env.php file, run the following command to finish the setup:

bin/magento setup:upgrade

How Commerce uses the AWS MQ service

The async.operations.all message queue consumer uses the AMQP connection.

This consumer routes any topic name prefixed with async through the AWS MQ connection.

For example, in InventoryCatalog there are:


The default configuration for InventoryCatalog does not publish messages to RabbitMQ; the default behavior is to perform the action in the same user thread. To tell InventoryCatalog to publish messages, enable cataloginventory/bulk_operations/async. From the admin, go to Stores > Configuration > Catalog > Inventory > Admin bulk operations and set Run asynchronouslyto Yes.

Testing the message queue

To test message sending from Commerce to RabbitMQ:

  1. Log in to the RabbitMQ web console in AWS to monitor queues.

  2. In the Admin, create a product.

  3. Create an Inventory source.

  4. Enable Stores > Configuration > Catalog > Inventory > Admin bulk operations > Run asynchronously.

  5. Go to Catalog > Products. From the grid, select the product created above and click Assign Inventory Source.

  6. Click Save & Close to complete the process.

    You should now see messages appear in the RabbitMQ web console.

  7. Start the async.operations.all message queue consumer.

    code language-bash
    bin/magento queue:consumers:start async.operations.all

You should now see the queued message get processed in the RabbitMQ web console.
Verify that inventory sources have changed on the product in the Admin.