Build system setup

You can have one build system that meets the following requirements:

  • All Commerce code is under source control in the same repository as the development and production systems

  • Make sure all of the following are included in source control:

    • app/etc/config.php
    • generated directory (and subdirectories)
    • pub/media directory
    • pub/media/wysiwyg directory (and subdirectories)
    • pub/static directory (and subdirectories)
  • Must have a compatible PHP version installed

  • Must have Composer installed

  • It has file system ownership and permissions set as discussed in Prerequisite for your development, build, and production systems.

  • The build system does not need Commerce to be installed, but the code must be available to it.

The database connection not required if it is already contained in config.php; see Export the configuration. Otherwise, the database connection is required.
The build machine can be on its own host or on the same host as an installed Commerce system.

Configure the build machine

The following sections discuss how to configure the build machine.

Install Composer

First, check if Composer is already installed:

In a command prompt, enter any of the following commands:

  • composer --help
  • composer list --help

If command help displays, Composer is already installed.

If an error displays, use the following steps to install Composer.

To install Composer:

  1. Change to or create an empty directory on your Commerce server.

  2. Enter the following commands:

    code language-bash
    curl -sS | php
    code language-bash
    mv composer.phar /usr/local/bin/composer

For additional installation options, see the Composer installation documentation.

Install PHP

Install PHP on CentOS or Ubuntu.

Set up the build system

To set up the build system:

  1. Log in to the build system as, or switch to, the file system owner.

  2. Retrieve the Commerce code from source control.

    If you use Git, use the following command:

    code language-bash
    git clone [-b <branch name>] <repository URL>
  3. Change to the Commerce root directory and enter:

    code language-bash
    composer install
  4. Wait for dependencies to update.

  5. Set ownership:

    code language-bash
    chown -R <Commerce file system owner name>:<web server username> .

    For example,

    code language-bash
    chown -R commerce-username:apache .
  6. If you use Git, open .gitignore in a text editor.

  7. Start each of the following lines with a # character to comment them out:

    code language-conf
    # app/etc/config.php
    # pub/media/*
    # generated/*
    # pub/media/*.*
    # pub/media/wysiwyg/*
    # pub/static/*
  8. Save your changes to .gitignore and exit the text editor.

  9. If you use Git, use the following commands to commit the change:

    code language-bash
    git add .gitignore && git commit -m "Modify .gitignore for build and production"

    See the .gitignore reference for more information.

  10. The build system should use default mode or developer mode:

    code language-bash
    bin/magento deploy:mode:set <mode>

    <mode> is required. It can be either default or developer.