数据类型端点

数据类型在类或混合中用作引用类型字段的方式与基本文本字段相同,其关键区别在于数据类型可以定义多个子字段。 虽然与混合类似,它们允许一致地使用多字段结构,但数据类型更灵活,因为它们可以包含在模式结构中的任何位置,而混合类只能添加在根级别。 Schema Registry API中的/datatypes端点允许您以编程方式管理体验应用程序中的数据类型。

入门指南

本指南中使用的端点是Schema Registry API的一部分。 在继续之前,请查阅快速入门指南,了解相关文档的链接、阅读此文档中示例API调用的指南以及成功调用任何Experience PlatformAPI所需标头的重要信息。

检索列表数据类型

您可以通过分别向/global/datatypes/tenant/datatypes发出列表请求,GETglobaltenant容器下的所有数据类型。

注意

列出资源时,模式注册表将结果集限制为300项。 要返回超出此限制的资源,必须使用分页参数。 还建议您使用其他查询参数来筛选结果并减少返回的资源数。 有关详细信息,请参阅附录文档中关于查询参数的部分。

API格式

GET /{CONTAINER_ID}/datatypes?{QUERY_PARAMS}
参数 描述
{CONTAINER_ID} 要从以下位置检索数据类型的容器:global用于Adobe创建的数据类型,或tenant用于您的组织拥有的数据类型。
{QUERY_PARAMS} 可选查询参数,用于筛选结果。 有关可用参数的列表,请参见附录文档

请求

以下请求从tenant列表中检索数据类型容器,使用orderby查询参数按数据类型的title属性对数据类型进行排序。

curl -X GET \
  https://platform.adobe.io/data/foundation/schemaregistry/tenant/datatypes?orderby=title \
  -H 'Accept: application/vnd.adobe.xed-id+json' \
  -H 'Authorization: Bearer {ACCESS_TOKEN}' \
  -H 'x-api-key: {API_KEY}' \
  -H 'x-gw-ims-org-id: {IMS_ORG}' \
  -H 'x-sandbox-name: {SANDBOX_NAME}'

响应格式取决于请求中发送的Accept标头。 以下Accept标头可用于列出数据类型:

Accept 标题 描述
application/vnd.adobe.xed-id+json 返回每个资源的简短摘要。 这是列出资源的建议标题。 (限制:300)
application/vnd.adobe.xed+json 返回每个资源的完整JSON数据类型,其中包含原始$refallOf。 (限制:300)

响应

上述请求使用application/vnd.adobe.xed-id+json Accept标头,因此响应仅包括每个数据类型的title$idmeta:altIdversion属性。 使用其它Accept标头(application/vnd.adobe.xed+json)可返回每个数据类型的所有属性。 根据您在响应中需要的信息,选择相应的Accept标头。

{
  "results": [
    {
      "$id": "https://ns.adobe.com/{TENANT_ID}/datatypes/78570e371092c032260714dd8bfd6d44",
      "meta:altId": "_{TENANT_ID}.datatypes.78570e371092c032260714dd8bfd6d44",
      "version": "1.0",
      "title": "Loyalty"
    },
    {
      "$id": "https://ns.adobe.com/{TENANT_ID}/datatypes/4b0329b5573cbb7cb757db667d7fdf66",
      "meta:altId": "_{TENANT_ID}.datatypes.4b0329b5573cbb7cb757db667d7fdf66",
      "version": "1.0",
      "title": "Property Details"
    }
  ],
  "_page": {
    "orderby": "title",
    "next": null,
    "count": 2
  },
  "_links": {
    "next": null,
    "global_schemas": {
      "href": "https://platform.adobe.io/data/foundation/schemaregistry/global/datatypes?orderby=title"
    }
  }
}

查找数据类型

您可以通过在GET请求的路径中包含数据类型的ID来查找特定数据类型。

API格式

GET /{CONTAINER_ID}/datatypes/{DATA_TYPE_ID}
参数 描述
{CONTAINER_ID} 存放要检索的数据类型的容器:global表示Adobe创建的数据类型,或tenant表示您的组织拥有的数据类型。
{DATA_TYPE_ID} 要查找的数据类型的meta:altId或URL编码的$id

请求

以下请求通过路径中提供的meta:altId值检索数据类型。

curl -X GET \
  https://platform.adobe.io/data/foundation/schemaregistry/tenant/datatypes/_{TENANT_ID}.datatypes.78570e371092c032260714dd8bfd6d44 \
  -H 'Accept: application/vnd.adobe.xed+json' \
  -H 'Authorization: Bearer {ACCESS_TOKEN}' \
  -H 'x-api-key: {API_KEY}' \
  -H 'x-gw-ims-org-id: {IMS_ORG}' \
  -H 'x-sandbox-name: {SANDBOX_NAME}'

响应格式取决于请求中发送的Accept标头。 所有查找请求都要求version包含在Accept标头中。 以下Accept标头可用:

Accept 标题 描述
application/vnd.adobe.xed+json; version=1 具有$refallOf的原始数据包含标题和说明。
application/vnd.adobe.xed-full+json; version=1 $refallOf 解析,有标题和说明。
application/vnd.adobe.xed-notext+json; version=1 原始数据包含$refallOf,没有标题或说明。
application/vnd.adobe.xed-full-notext+json; version=1 $ref 并解 allOf 析,没有标题或说明。
application/vnd.adobe.xed-full-desc+json; version=1 $ref 和解 allOf 析包含的描述符。

响应

成功的响应会返回数据类型的详细信息。 返回的字段取决于在请求中发送的Accept标头。 尝试不同的Accept标头以比较响应并确定最适合您的用例的标头。

{
  "$id": "https://ns.adobe.com/{TENANT_ID}/datatypes/78570e371092c032260714dd8bfd6d44",
  "meta:altId": "_{TENANT_ID}.datatypes.78570e371092c032260714dd8bfd6d44",
  "meta:resourceType": "datatypes",
  "version": "1.0",
  "title": "Loyalty",
  "type": "object",
  "description": "Loyalty object containing loyalty-specific fields.",
  "definitions": {
    "customFields": {
      "properties": {
        "loyaltyId": {
          "title": "Loyalty ID",
          "description": "Unique loyalty program member ID. Should be in the format of an email address.",
          "type": "string",
          "meta:xdmType": "string"
        },
        "memberSince": {
          "title": "Member Since",
          "description": "Date person joined loyalty program.",
          "type": "string",
          "format": "date",
          "meta:xdmType": "date"
        },
        "points": {
          "title": "Points",
          "description": "Accumulated loyalty points",
          "type": "integer",
          "meta:xdmType": "int"
        },
        "loyaltyLevel": {
          "title": "Loyalty Level",
          "description": "The current loyalty program level to which the individual member belongs.",
          "type": "string",
          "enum": [
            "platinum",
            "gold",
            "silver",
            "bronze"
          ],
          "meta:enum": {
            "platinum": "Platinum",
            "gold": "Gold",
            "silver": "Silver",
            "bronze": "Bronze"
          },
          "meta:xdmType": "string"
        }
      },
      "type": "object",
      "meta:xdmType": "object"
    }
  },
  "allOf": [
    {
      "$ref": "#/definitions/customFields"
    }
  ],
  "imsOrg": "{IMS_ORG}",
  "meta:extensible": true,
  "meta:abstract": true,
  "meta:xdmType": "object",
  "meta:registryMetadata": {
    "repo:createdDate": 1557529442681,
    "repo:lastModifiedDate": 1557529442681,
    "xdm:createdClientId": "{CLIENT_ID}",
    "xdm:lastModifiedClientId": "{CLIENT_ID}",
    "xdm:lastModifiedUserId": "{USER_ID}",
    "eTag": "50b8008b588e911314f9685240dd4c23a247f37179a6d9ff6ba3877dc11ca504",
    "meta:globalLibVersion": "1.15.4"
  },
  "meta:containerId": "tenant",
  "meta:tenantNamespace": "_{TENANT_ID}"
}

创建数据类型

您可以通过发出容器请求,在tenant下定义自定义POST类型。

API格式

POST /tenant/datatypes

请求

定义数据类型不需要meta:extendsmeta:intendedToExtend字段,也不需要嵌套字段以避免冲突。

curl -X POST \
  https://platform.adobe.io/data/foundation/schemaregistry/tenant/datatypes \
  -H 'Authorization: Bearer {ACCESS_TOKEN}' \
  -H 'Content-Type: application/json' \
  -H 'x-api-key: {API_KEY}' \
  -H 'x-gw-ims-org-id: {IMS_ORG}' \
  -H 'x-sandbox-name: {SANDBOX_NAME}' \
  -d '{
        "title":"Property Construction",
        "description":"Information related to the property construction",
        "type":"object",
        "properties": {
          "yearBuilt": {
            "type":"integer",
            "title": "Year Built",
            "description": "The year the property was constructed."
          },
          "propertyType": {
            "type":"string",
            "title": "Property Type",
            "description": "Type of building or structure in which the property exists.",
            "enum": [
              "freeStanding",
              "mall",
              "shoppingCenter"
            ],
            "meta:enum": {
              "freeStanding": "Free Standing Building",
              "mall": "Mall Space",
              "shoppingCenter": "Shopping Center"
            }
          }
        } 
      }'

响应

成功的响应返回HTTP状态201(已创建)和包含新创建数据类型的详细信息(包括$idmeta:altIdversion)的有效负荷。 这三个值是只读的,由Schema Registry指定。

{
  "$id": "https://ns.adobe.com/{TENANT_ID}/datatypes/7602bc6e97e5786a31c95d9e6531a1596687433451d97bc1",
  "meta:altId": "_{TENANT_ID}.datatypes.7602bc6e97e5786a31c95d9e6531a1596687433451d97bc1",
  "meta:resourceType": "datatypes",
  "version": "1.0",
  "title": "Property Construction",
  "type": "object",
  "description": "Information related to the property construction",
  "properties": {
    "yearBuilt": {
      "type": "integer",
      "title": "Year Built",
      "description": "The year the property was constructed.",
      "meta:xdmType": "int"
    },
    "propertyType": {
      "type": "string",
      "title": "Property Type",
      "description": "Type of building or structure in which the property exists.",
      "enum": [
        "freeStanding",
        "mall",
        "shoppingCenter"
      ],
      "meta:enum": {
        "freeStanding": "Free Standing Building",
        "mall": "Mall Space",
        "shoppingCenter": "Shopping Center"
      },
      "meta:xdmType": "string"
    }
  },
  "refs": [],
  "imsOrg": "{IMS_ORG}",
  "meta:extensible": true,
  "meta:abstract": true,
  "meta:xdmType": "object",
  "meta:registryMetadata": {
    "repo:createdDate": 1604524729435,
    "repo:lastModifiedDate": 1604524729435,
    "xdm:createdClientId": "{CLIENT_ID}",
    "xdm:lastModifiedClientId": "{CLIENT_ID}",
    "xdm:createdUserId": "{USER_ID}",
    "xdm:lastModifiedUserId": "{USER_ID}",
    "eTag": "1c838764342756868ca1297869f582a38d15f03ed0acfc97fda7532d22e942c7",
    "meta:globalLibVersion": "1.15.4"
  },
  "meta:containerId": "tenant",
  "meta:sandboxId": "ff0f6870-c46d-11e9-8ca3-036939a64204",
  "meta:sandboxType": "production",
  "meta:tenantNamespace": "_{TENANT_ID}"
}

列表租户容器中的所有数据类型执行GET请求现在将包括“属性详细信息”数据类型,或者,您可以使用URL编码的$id URI执行查找(GET)请求以直接视图新数据类型。

更新数据类型

您可以通过PUT操作替换整个数据类型,实质上是重写资源。 当通过PUT请求更新POST类型时,主体必须包括在请求中创建新数据类型时所需的所有字段。

注意

如果您只想更新部分数据类型而不是完全替换它,请参阅更新部分数据类型的部分。

API格式

PUT /tenant/datatypes/{DATA_TYPE_ID}
参数 描述
{DATA_TYPE_ID} 要重写的数据类型的meta:altId或URL编码的$id

请求

以下请求将重写现有数据类型,并添加一个新的floorSize字段。

curl -X PUT \
  https://platform.adobe.io/data/foundation/schemaregistry/tenant/datatypes/_{TENANT_ID}.datatypes.7602bc6e97e5786a31c95d9e6531a1596687433451d97bc1 \
  -H 'Authorization: Bearer {ACCESS_TOKEN}' \
  -H 'Content-Type: application/json' \
  -H 'x-api-key: {API_KEY}' \
  -H 'x-gw-ims-org-id: {IMS_ORG}' \
  -H 'x-sandbox-name: {SANDBOX_NAME}' \
  -d '{
        "title": "Property Construction",
        "description": "Information related to the property construction",
        "type": "object",
        "properties": {
          "yearBuilt": {
            "type":"integer",
            "title": "Year Built",
            "description": "The year the property was constructed."
          },
          "propertyType": {
            "type":"string",
            "title": "Property Type",
            "description": "Type of building or structure in which the property exists.",
            "enum": [
              "freeStanding",
              "mall",
              "shoppingCenter"
            ],
            "meta:enum": {
              "freeStanding": "Free Standing Building",
              "mall": "Mall Space",
              "shoppingCenter": "Shopping Center"
            }
          },
          "floorSize" {
            "type": "integer",
            "title": "Floor Size",
            "description": "The floor size of the property, in square feet."
          }
        } 
      }'

响应

成功的响应会返回已更新数据类型的详细信息。

{
  "$id": "https://ns.adobe.com/{TENANT_ID}/datatypes/7602bc6e97e5786a31c95d9e6531a1596687433451d97bc1",
  "meta:altId": "_{TENANT_ID}.datatypes.7602bc6e97e5786a31c95d9e6531a1596687433451d97bc1",
  "meta:resourceType": "datatypes",
  "version": "1.0",
  "title": "Property Construction",
  "type": "object",
  "description": "Information related to the property construction",
  "properties": {
    "yearBuilt": {
      "type": "integer",
      "title": "Year Built",
      "description": "The year the property was constructed.",
      "meta:xdmType": "int"
    },
    "propertyType": {
      "type": "string",
      "title": "Property Type",
      "description": "Type of building or structure in which the property exists.",
      "enum": [
        "freeStanding",
        "mall",
        "shoppingCenter"
      ],
      "meta:enum": {
        "freeStanding": "Free Standing Building",
        "mall": "Mall Space",
        "shoppingCenter": "Shopping Center"
      },
      "meta:xdmType": "string"
    },
    "floorSize" {
      "type":  "integer",
      "title":  "Floor Size",
      "description":  "The floor size of the property, in square feet.",
      "meta:xdmType": "int"
    }
  },
  "refs": [],
  "imsOrg": "{IMS_ORG}",
  "meta:extensible": true,
  "meta:abstract": true,
  "meta:xdmType": "object",
  "meta:registryMetadata": {
    "repo:createdDate": 1604524729435,
    "repo:lastModifiedDate": 1604524729435,
    "xdm:createdClientId": "{CLIENT_ID}",
    "xdm:lastModifiedClientId": "{CLIENT_ID}",
    "xdm:createdUserId": "{USER_ID}",
    "xdm:lastModifiedUserId": "{USER_ID}",
    "eTag": "1c838764342756868ca1297869f582a38d15f03ed0acfc97fda7532d22e942c7",
    "meta:globalLibVersion": "1.15.4"
  },
  "meta:containerId": "tenant",
  "meta:sandboxId": "ff0f6870-c46d-11e9-8ca3-036939a64204",
  "meta:sandboxType": "production",
  "meta:tenantNamespace": "_{TENANT_ID}"
}

更新数据类型的一部分

您可以使用PATCH请求更新数据类型的一部分。 Schema Registry支持所有标准JSON修补程序操作,包括addremovereplace。 有关JSON修补程序的详细信息,请参阅API基础指南

注意

如果要用新值替换整个资源,而不是更新单个字段,请参阅中有关使用PUT操作替换数据类型的部分。

API格式

PATCH /tenant/data type/{DATA_TYPE_ID} 
参数 描述
{DATA_TYPE_ID} 要更新的数据类型的URL编码的$id URI或meta:altId

请求

下面的示例请求更新现有数据类型的description,并添加新的floorSize字段。

请求主体采用数组的形式,每个列出的对象代表对单个字段的特定更改。 每个对象都包括要执行的操作(op),应在(path)上执行操作的字段,以及应在该操作中包括哪些信息(value)。

curl -X PATCH \
  https://platform.adobe.io/data/foundation/schemaregistry/tenant/datatypes/_{TENANT_ID}.datatypes.8779fd45d6e4eb074300023a439862bbba359b60d451627a \
  -H 'Authorization: Bearer {ACCESS_TOKEN}' \
  -H 'x-api-key: {API_KEY}' \
  -H 'x-gw-ims-org-id: {IMS_ORG}' \
  -H 'x-sandbox-name: {SANDBOX_NAME}' \
  -H 'content-type: application/json' \
  -d '[
        {
          "op": "replace",
          "path": "/description",
          "value": "Construction-related information for a company-operated property."
        },
        { 
          "op": "add",
          "path": "/properties/floorSize",
          "value": {
            "type": "integer",
            "title": "Floor Size",
            "description": "The floor size of the property, in square feet."
          }
        }
      ]'

响应

响应显示,这两个操作都成功执行。 description已更新,floorSize已添加到definitions下。

{
  "$id": "https://ns.adobe.com/{TENANT_ID}/datatypes/8779fd45d6e4eb074300023a439862bbba359b60d451627a",
  "meta:altId": "_{TENANT_ID}.datatypes.8779fd45d6e4eb074300023a439862bbba359b60d451627a",
  "meta:resourceType": "datatypes",
  "version": "1.2",
  "title": "Property Details",
  "type": "object",
  "description": "Details relating to a property operated by the company.",
  "definitions": {
    "property": {
      "properties": {
        "_{TENANT_ID}": {
        "type":"object",
        "properties": {
            "propertyName": {
              "type": "string",
              "title": "Property Name",
              "description": "Name of the property"
            },
            "propertyCity": {
              "title": "Property City",
              "description": "City where the property is located.",
              "type": "string"
            },
            "propertyCountry": {
              "title": "Property Country",
              "description": "Country where the property is located.",
              "type": "string"
            },
            "phoneNumber": {
              "title": "Phone Number",
              "description": "Primary phone number for the property.",
              "type": "string"
            },
            "propertyType": {
              "type": "string",
              "title": "Property Type",
              "description": "Type and primary use of property.",
              "enum": [
                  "retail",
                  "yoga",
                  "fitness"
              ],
              "meta:enum": {
                  "retail": "Retail Store",
                  "yoga": "Yoga Studio",
                  "fitness": "Fitness Center"
              }
            },
            "propertyConstruction": {
              "$ref": "https://ns.adobe.com/{TENANT_ID}/datatypes/24c643f618647344606222c494bd0102"
            }
          }
        }
      }
    }
  },
  "allOf": [
    {
      "$ref": "#/definitions/customFields",
      "type": "object",
      "meta:xdmType": "object"
    }
  ],
  "imsOrg": "{IMS_ORG}",
  "meta:extensible": true,
  "meta:abstract": true,
  "meta:intendedToExtend": [
    "https://ns.adobe.com/xdm/context/profile"
  ],
  "meta:xdmType": "object",
  "meta:registryMetadata": {
    "repo:createdDate": 1594941263588,
    "repo:lastModifiedDate": 1594941538433,
    "xdm:createdClientId": "{CLIENT_ID}",
    "xdm:lastModifiedClientId": "{CLIENT_ID}",
    "xdm:createdUserId": "{USER_ID}",
    "xdm:lastModifiedUserId": "{USER_ID}",
    "eTag": "5e8a5e508eb2ed344c08cb23ed27cfb60c841bec59a2f7513deda0f7af903021",
    "meta:globalLibVersion": "1.15.4"
  },
  "meta:containerId": "tenant",
  "meta:tenantNamespace": "_{TENANT_ID}"
}

删除数据类型

有时可能需要从模式注册表中删除数据类型。 这是通过使用路径中提供的DELETE类型ID执行数据请求来完成的。

API格式

DELETE /tenant/datatypes/{DATA_TYPE_ID}
参数 描述
{DATA_TYPE_ID} 要删除的数据类型的URL编码的$id URI或meta:altId

请求

curl -X DELETE \
  https://platform.adobe.io/data/foundation/schemaregistry/tenant/datatypes/_{TENANT_ID}.datatypes.d5cc04eb8d50190001287e4c869ebe67 \
  -H 'Authorization: Bearer {ACCESS_TOKEN}' \
  -H 'x-api-key: {API_KEY}' \
  -H 'x-gw-ims-org-id: {IMS_ORG}' \
  -H 'x-sandbox-name: {SANDBOX_NAME}'

响应

成功的响应返回HTTP状态204(无内容)和空白正文。

您可以通过尝试对数据类型查找(GET)请求来确认删除。 您需要在请求中包含Accept标头,但应接收HTTP状态404(“找不到”),因为模式类型已从注册表中删除。

在此页面上

Adobe Summit Banner

A virtual event April 27-28.

Expand your skills and get inspired.

Register for free
Adobe Summit Banner

A virtual event April 27-28.

Expand your skills and get inspired.

Register for free
Adobe Maker Awards Banner

Time to shine!

Apply now for the 2021 Adobe Experience Maker Awards.

Apply now
Adobe Maker Awards Banner

Time to shine!

Apply now for the 2021 Adobe Experience Maker Awards.

Apply now