為社群設定Dispatcher

AEM Communities

對於AEM Communities,必須設定Dispatcher以確保社群網站正常運作。 當包含啟用社群和社交登入等功能時,則需要進行其他設定。

了解您的特定部署和站點設計需要什麼

另請參閱主要Dispatcher檔案

Dispatcher快取

概覽

AEM Communities的Dispatcher快取是Dispatcher提供社群網站頁面完整快取版本的功能。

目前,僅支援匿名網站訪客,例如瀏覽社群網站或因搜尋而登陸社群頁面的使用者,以及為頁面建立索引的搜尋引擎。 好處是匿名使用者和搜尋引擎將體驗到改善的效能。

對於登入的成員,Dispatcher會繞過快取,直接將請求轉發給發佈者,以便動態產生並傳送所有頁面。

設定為支援Dispatcher快取時,標頭會新增TTL型的「最大頁面」過期時間,以確保Dispatcher快取頁面為最新狀態。

需求

  • Dispatcher 4.1.2版或更新版本(如需最新版本,請參閱安裝Dispatcher

  • ACS AEM Commons套件

    • 3.3.2版或更新版本
    • ACS AEM Commons - Dispatcher Cache Control Header - Max Age OSGi設定

設定

OSGi設定​ACS AEM Commons - Dispatcher快取控制標題 — Max Age​會設定顯示在指定路徑下的快取頁面的有效期。

  • Web控制台

  • 找到ACS AEM Commons - Dispatcher Cache Control Header - Max Age

  • 選擇「+」表徵圖以建立新的連接配置

    Dispatcher

  • 篩選模式

    (必要) 一或多個社群頁面路徑。例如, /content/sites/engage/(.*)

  • 快取控制最大時間

    (必要) 要新增至「快取控制」標題的最大年齡(以秒為單位)。值必須大於零(0)。

Dispatcher用戶端標題

dispatcher.any的/clientheaders區段中,如果列出特定的標題集,則必須包含"CSRF-Token",才能使啟用功能正常運作。

Dispatcher篩選器

dispatcher.any檔案的/filter部分記錄在配置對內容的訪問 — /filter中。

本節說明正確運作Communities功能所需的項目。

篩選器屬性名稱遵循使用四位數字來指示應用篩選器模式的順序的慣例。 當多個篩選模式套用至請求時,套用的最後一個篩選模式即有效。 因此,第一過濾模式通常被用於拒絕所有內容,使得以下模式用於以受控方式恢復訪問。

下列範例使用可能需要修改的屬性名稱,以符合任何特定的dispatcher.any檔案。

另請參閱:

注意

屬性名稱範例
所顯示的所有屬性名稱(例如​**/0050**​和​**/0170**)都應經過調整,以符合現有dispatcher.any設定檔案。

注意

請參閱Dispatcher安全性檢查清單 ,以了解使用Dispatcher限制存取時的進一步考量。 此外,請閱讀AEM Security Cheklist以取得有關AEM安裝的其他安全性詳細資訊。

應將下列項添加到/filter節的結尾,尤其是在所有拒絕項後。

# design and template assets
/0050 { /type "allow" /url "/etc/designs/*" }

# collected JS/CSS from the components and design
/0051 { /type "allow" /url "/etc/clientlibs/*" }

# foundation search component - write stats
/0052 { /type "allow" /url "/bin/statistics/tracker/*" }

# allow users to edit profile page
/0054 { /type "allow" /url "* /home/users/*/*/profile.form.html*" }

# all profile data
/0057 { /type "allow" /url "/home/users/*/profile/*" }

# required for social "Sign In" link.
/0059 { /type "allow" /url "/etc/clientcontext/*" }

# required for "Sign Out" operation
/0063 { /type "allow" /url "* /system/sling/logout*" }

# enable Facebook and Twitter signin
/0064 { /type "allow" /url "/etc/cloudservices/*" }

# enable personalization
/0062 { /type "allow" /url "/libs/cq/personalization/*" }

# for Enablement features
/0170 { /type "allow" /url "/libs/granite/csrf/token.json*" }
/0171 { /type "allow" /url "/content/sites/*/resources/en/*" }
/0172 { /type "allow" /url "/content/communities/enablement/reports/*" }
/0173 { /type "allow" /url "/content/sites/*" }
/0174 { /type "allow" /url "/content/communities/scorm/*" }
/0175 { /type "allow" /url "/content/sites/*" }
/0176 { /type "allow" /url "/libs/granite/security/userinfo.json"}
/0177 { /type "allow" /url "/libs/granite/security/currentuser.json" }

# Enable CSRF token otherwise nothings works.
/5001 { /type "allow" /url "/libs/granite/csrf/token.json *"}
# Allow SCF User Model to bootstrap as it depends on the granite user
/5002 { /type "allow" /url "/libs/granite/security/currentuser.json*" }

# Allow Communities Site Logout button work
/5003 { /type "allow" /url "/system/sling/logout.html*" }

# Allow i18n to load correctly
/5004 { /type "allow" /url "/libs/cq/i18n/dict.en.json *" }

# Allow social json get pattern.
/6002 { /type "allow" /url "*.social.*.json*" }

# Allow loading of templates
/6003 { /type "allow" /url "/services/social/templates*" }

# Allow SCF User model to check moderator rules
/6005 { /type "allow" /url "/services/social/getLoggedInUser?moderatorCheck=*" }

# Allow CKEditor to load which uses a query pattern.
/6006 { /type "allow" /url "/etc/clientlibs/social/thirdparty/ckeditor/*.js?t=*" }
/6007 { /type "allow" /url "/etc/clientlibs/social/thirdparty/ckeditor/*.css?t=*" }

# Allow Fonts from Communities to load
/6050 { /type "allow" /url "*.woff" }
/6051 { /type "allow" /url "*.ttf" }

# Enable CQ Security checkpoint for component guide.
/7001 { /type "allow" /url "/libs/cq/security/userinfo.json?cq_ck=*"

Dispatcher規則

dispatcher.any的規則區段定義應根據請求的URL快取哪些回應。 對於Communities,規則區段用於定義永不快取的內容。

# Never cache the client-side .social.json calls
/0001 { /type "deny" /url "*.social.json*" }

# Never cache the user-specific .json requests
/0002 { /type "deny" /url "/libs/granite/csrf/token.json*" }
/0003 { /type "deny" /url "/libs/granite/security/currentuser.json*" }
/0004 { /type "deny" /url "/libs/granite/security/userinfo.json*" }

# Never cache the private community groups pages in case - add your own deny rules in there
/0005 { /type "deny" /url "/content/*/groups/*" }

# Never cache the assignments page in case the Enablement feature is in use - add your own deny rules in there
/0006 { /type "deny" /url "/content/*/assignments/*" }

# Never cache user generated content
/0208 { /type "deny" /url "/content/usergenerated/*" }

疑難排解

問題的一個主要原因是插入篩選規則,而不注意對先前規則的影響,尤其是在新增規則以拒絕存取時。

第一個篩選器模式通常用於拒絕所有內容,以便後續篩選器以受控方式恢復訪問。 當多個篩選器套用至請求時,套用的最後一個篩選器即為有效篩選器。

範例dispatcher.any

以下是包含Communities /filters和/rules的示例dispatcher.any檔案。

# Each farm configures a set of load balanced renders (i.e. remote servers)
/farms
  {
  # First farm entry
  /website
    {
    # Request headers that should be forwarded to the remote server.
    /clientheaders
      {
      # Forward all request headers that are end-to-end. If you want
      # to forward a specific set of headers, you'll have to list
      # them here.
      "*"
      }

    # Hostname matching for farm selection (virtual domain addressing)
    /virtualhosts
      {
      # Entries will be compared against the "Host" request header
      # and an optional request URL prefix.
      #
      # Examples:
      #
      #   www.company.com
      #   intranet.*
      #   myhost:8888/mysite
      "*"
      }

    # The load will be balanced among these render instances
    /renders
      {
      /rend01
        {
        # Hostname or IP of the render
        /hostname "127.0.0.1"
        # Port of the render
        /port "4503"
        # Connect timeout in milliseconds, 0 to wait indefinitely
        # /timeout "0"
        }
      }

    # The filter section defines the requests that should be handled by the dispatcher.
    #
    # Entries can be either specified using urls, or elements of the request line:
    #
    # (1) urls will be compared against the entire request line, e.g.:
    #
    #     /0001 { /type "deny" /url "* /index.html *" }
    #
    #   matches request "GET /index.html HTTP/1.1" but not "GET /index.html?a=b HTTP/1.1".
    #
    # (2) method/url/query/protocol will be compared againts the respective elements of
    #   the request line, e.g.:
    #
    #     /0001 { /type "deny" /method "GET" /url "/index.html" }
    #
    #   matches both "GET /index.html" and "GET /index.html?a=b HTTP/1.1".
    #
    # Note: specifying elements of the request line is the preferred method.
    /filter
      {
      # Deny everything first and then allow specific entries
      /0001 { /type "deny" /url "*" }

      # Open consoles
#     /0011 { /type "allow" /url "/admin/*"  }  # allow servlet engine admin
#     /0012 { /type "allow" /url "/crx/*"    }  # allow content repository
#     /0013 { /type "allow" /url "/system/*" }  # allow OSGi console

      # Allow non-public content directories
#     /0021 { /type "allow" /url "/apps/*"   }  # allow apps access
#     /0022 { /type "allow" /url "/bin/*"    }
      /0023 { /type "allow" /url "/content*" }  # disable this rule to allow mapped content only

#     /0024 { /type "allow" /url "/libs/*"   }
#     /0025 { /type "deny"  /url "/libs/shindig/proxy*" } # if you enable /libs close access to proxy

#     /0026 { /type "allow" /url "/home/*"   }
#     /0027 { /type "allow" /url "/tmp/*"    }
#     /0028 { /type "allow" /url "/var/*"    }

      # Enable specific mime types in non-public content directories
      /0041 { /type "allow" /url "*.css"   }  # enable css
      /0042 { /type "allow" /url "*.gif"   }  # enable gifs
      /0043 { /type "allow" /url "*.ico"   }  # enable icos
      /0044 { /type "allow" /url "*.js"    }  # enable javascript
      /0045 { /type "allow" /url "*.png"   }  # enable png
      /0046 { /type "allow" /url "*.swf"   }  # enable flash
      /0047 { /type "allow" /url "*.jpg"   }  # enable jpg
      /0048 { /type "allow" /url "*.jpeg"  }  # enable jpeg

      # Deny content grabbing
      /0081 { /type "deny"  /url "*.infinity.json" }
      /0082 { /type "deny"  /url "*.tidy.json"     }
      /0083 { /type "deny"  /url "*.sysview.xml"   }
      /0084 { /type "deny"  /url "*.docview.json"  }
      /0085 { /type "deny"  /url "*.docview.xml"  }

      /0086 { /type "deny"  /url "*.*[0-9].json" }
#     /0087 { /type "allow" /method "GET" /url "*.1.json" }  # allow one-level json requests

      # Deny query
   /0090 { /type "deny"  /url "*.query.json" }

      #######################################
      ## BEGIN: AEM COMMUNITITES ADDITIONS
   #######################################
   /0050 { /type "allow" /url "/etc/designs/*" }
   /0051 { /type "allow" /url "/etc/clientlibs/*" }
   /0052 { /type "allow" /url "/bin/statistics/tracker/*" }
   /0054 { /type "allow" /url "* /home/users/*/*/profile.form.html*" }
   /0057 { /type "allow" /url "/home/users/*/profile/*" }
   /0059 { /type "allow" /url "/etc/clientcontext/*" }
   /0063 { /type "allow" /url "* /system/sling/logout*" }
   /0064 { /type "allow" /url "/etc/cloudservices/*" }
   /0062 { /type "allow" /url "/libs/cq/personalization/*"  }  # enable personalization

   # For Enablement features
   /0170 { /type "allow" /url "/libs/granite/csrf/token.json*" }
   /0171 { /type "allow" /url "/content/sites/*/resources/en/*" }
   /0172 { /type "allow" /url "/content/communities/enablement/reports/*" }
   /0173 { /type "allow" /url "/content/sites/*" }
   /0174 { /type "allow" /url "/content/communities/scorm/*" }
   /0175 { /type "allow" /url "/content/sites/*" }
   /0176 { /type "allow" /url "/libs/granite/security/userinfo.json"}
   /0177 { /type "allow" /url "/libs/granite/security/currentuser.json" }

      # Enable CSRF token otherwise nothings works.
   /5001 { /type "allow" /url "/libs/granite/csrf/token.json *"}

   # Allow SCF User Model to bootstrap as it depends on the granite user
   /5002 { /type "allow" /url "/libs/granite/security/currentuser.json*" }

      # Allow Communities Site Logout button work
      /5003 { /type "allow" /url "/system/sling/logout.html*" }

   # Allow i18n to load correctly
   /5004 { /type "allow" /url "/libs/cq/i18n/dict.en.json *" }

   # Allow social json get pattern.
   /6002 { /type "allow" /url "*.social.*.json*" }

   # Allow loading of templates
   /6003 { /type "allow" /url "/services/social/templates*" }

   # Allow SCF User model to check moderator rules
   /6005 { /type "allow" /url "/services/social/getLoggedInUser?moderatorCheck=*" }

   # Allow CKEditor to load which uses a query pattern.
   /6006 { /type "allow" /url "/etc/clientlibs/social/thirdparty/ckeditor/*.js?t=*" }
   /6007 { /type "allow" /url "/etc/clientlibs/social/thirdparty/ckeditor/*.css?t=*" }

   # Allow Fonts from Communities to load
   /6050 { /type "allow" /url "*.woff" }
   /6051 { /type "allow" /url "*.ttf" }

      # Enable CQ Security checkpoint for component guide.
   /7001 { /type "allow" /url "/libs/cq/security/userinfo.json?cq_ck=*"}

      #######################################
      ## END: AEM COMMUNITITES ADDITIONS
   #######################################

      }

    # The cache section regulates what responses will be cached and where.
    /cache
      {
      # The docroot must be equal to the document root of the webserver. The
      # dispatcher will store files relative to this directory and subsequent
      # requests may be "declined" by the dispatcher, allowing the webserver
      # to deliver them just like static files.
      /docroot "/opt/dispatcher"

      # Sets the level upto which files named ".stat" will be created in the
      # document root of the webserver. When an activation request for some
      # page is received, only files within the same subtree are affected
      # by the invalidation.
      #/statfileslevel "0"

      # Flag indicating whether to cache responses to requests that contain
      # authorization information.
      /allowAuthorized "1"

      # Flag indicating whether the dispatcher should serve stale content if
      # no remote server is available.
      #/serveStaleOnError "0"

      # The rules section defines what responses should be cached based on
      # the requested URL. Please note that only the following requests can
      # lead to cacheable responses:
      #
      # - HTTP method is GET
      # - URL has an extension
      # - Request has no query string
      # - Request has no "Authorization" header (unless allowAuthorized is 1)
      /rules
        {
        /0000
          {
          # the matching pattern to be compared against the url
          # example: * -> everything
          #        : /foo/bar.* -> only the /foo/bar documents
          #        : /foo/bar/* -> all pages below /foo/bar
          #        : /foo/bar[./]* -> all pages below and /foo/bar itself
          #        : *.html        -> all .html files
          /url "*"
          /type "allow"
          }

      #######################################
      ## BEGIN: AEM COMMUNITITES ADDITIONS
     #######################################

   # Never cache the client-side .social.json calls
   /0001 { /type "deny" /url "*.social.json*" }

   # Never cache the user-specific .json requests
   /0002 { /type "deny" /url "/libs/granite/csrf/token.json*" }
   /0003 { /type "deny" /url "/libs/granite/security/currentuser.json*" }
   /0004 { /type "deny" /url "/libs/granite/security/userinfo.json*" }

   # Never cache the private community groups pages in case - add your own deny rules in there
   /0005 { /type "deny" /url "/content/*/groups/*" }

   # Never cache the assignments page in case the enablement feature is in use - add your own deny rules in there
   /0006 { /type "deny" /url "/content/*/assignments/*" }

      #######################################
      ## END: AEM COMMUNITITES ADDITIONS
      #######################################

        }

      # The invalidate section defines the pages that are "invalidated" after
      # any activation. Please note that the activated page itself and all
      # related documents are flushed on an modification. For example: if the
      # page /foo/bar is activated, all /foo/bar.* files are removed from the
      # cache.
      /invalidate
        {
        /0000
          {
          /url "*"
          /type "deny"
          }
        /0001
          {
          # Consider all HTML files stale after an activation.
          /url "*.html"
          /type "allow"
          }
        /0002
          {
          /url "/etc/segmentation.segment.js"
          /type "allow"
          }
        /0003
          {
          /url "*/analytics.sitecatalyst.js"
          /type "allow"
          }
        }

      # The allowedClients section restricts the client IP addresses that are
      # allowed to issue activation requests.
      /allowedClients
        {
        # Uncomment the following to restrict activation requests to originate
        # from "localhost" only.
        #
        #/0000
        #  {
        #  /url "*"
        #  /type "deny"
        #  }
        #/0001
        #  {
        #  /url "127.0.0.1"
        #  /type "allow"
        #  }
        }

      # The ignoreUrlParams section contains query string parameter names that
      # should be ignored when determining whether some request's output can be
      # cached or delivered from cache.
      #
      # In this example configuration, the "q" parameter will be ignored.
      #/ignoreUrlParams
      #  {
      #  /0001 { /url "*" /type "deny" }
      #  /0002 { /url "q" /type "allow" }
      #  }

    /enableTTL "1"

      }

    # The statistics sections dictates how the load should be balanced among the
    # renders according to the media-type.
    /statistics
      {
      /categories
        {
        /html
          {
          /url "*.html"
          }
        /others
          {
          /url "*"
          }
        }
      }
    }
  }

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