How to block IP addresses at the Apache HTTP Server level?

Description

Our site is experiencing a denial of service attack, spam, or getting hacked. How to block IP addresses at the Apache HTTP Server (AEM Dispatcher) level?

Resolution

Most Web Application Firewalls (WAF), such as mod security, can block lists of IP addresses. However, if you are running Apache HTTP Server and would like to block IP’s immediately follow these steps:

  1. Create a file named block-offending-ips.conf on your server.
  2. Open the file in an editor and add a Location directive that blocks all offending IP’s from accessing whatever URLs you want to block.  There are two options for the contents of the file below
    1. If the request is proxied (via CDN, Load Balancer, etc) and the remote user’s IP is only in a Header such as X-Forwarded-For then this configuration can be used.  Note that this configuration doesn’t apply if the remoteip_module is configured.  LocationMatch ``"/.*"````Order Allow,Deny``Allow from all``SetEnvif X-Forwarded-For ``"10\.42\.137\.123" DenyAccess``SetEnvif X-Forwarded-For ``"122\.6\.218\.101" `DenyAccess#Repeat the "SetEnvlf X-Forwarded-For ..." for each IP you want to blockDeny from env=DenyAccess````/LocationMatch```

    2. Alternatively, if the remote user is directly accessing Apache or you are using remoteip_module (see 1) to extract and set it within Apache then you can use mod_authz_core’s Require feature directly (Apache 2.4).

      LocationMatch "/.*"

      RequireAll

      Require all granted

      Require not ip 10.42.137.123

      Require not ip 122.6.218.101

      #Repeat the "Require not ip ..." for each IP you want to block

      /RequireAll

      /LocationMatch

      1

      # Extract true client IP from header added by load balancer/CDN

      IfModule remoteip_module

          # valid for ELB or ELB+CloudFront

          RemoteIPHeader X-Forwarded-For

      /IfModule

  3. Drop the file block-offending-ips.conf in /etc/conf.d folder of the Apache Web server.
  4. Restart the Apache HTTP Server.

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