Sometimes you may want to host the database on a separate server instead of running the database server and the web server on the same machine.
Adobe has provided a way to connect to a MySQL server on a different machine. As of Adobe Commerce and Magento Open Source 2.4.3, you can also configure the application to use an Amazon Web Services (AWS) Aurora database with no code changes.
Aurora is a high-performance, fully compliant MySQL server hosted on AWS.
Using Aurora as the database is as easy as specifying the database in the regular Adobe Commerce and Magento Open Source setup configuration, using the default database connector.
bin/magento setup:install, use the Aurora information in the
bin/magento setup:install ... --db-host='database-aurora.us-east-1.rds.amazonaws.com' --db-name='magento2' --db-user='username' --db-password='password' ...
db-host value is the Aurora URL with the
https:// and trailing
This is an advanced topic that should be used only by an experienced network administrator or database administrator. You must have
root access to the file system and you must be able to log in to MySQL as
Before you begin, you must:
Use the following guidelines to configure remote database connections if your web server or database server are clustered:
You must configure a connection for each web server node.
Typically, you configure a database connection to the database load balancer; however, database clustering can be complex and configuring it is up to you. Adobe makes no specific recommendations for database clustering.
For more information, see MySQL documentation.
If you have issues connecting to either host, first ping the other host to make sure it is reachable. You might need to allow connections from one host to another by modifying firewall and SELinux rules (if you use SELinux).
To create a remote connection:
On your database server, as a user with
root privileges, open your MySQL configuration file.
To locate it, enter the following command:
The location displays similar to the following:
Default options are read from the following files in the given order:
/etc/my.cnf /etc/mysql/my.cnf /usr/etc/my.cnf ~/.my.cnf
On Ubuntu 16, the path is typically
Search the configuration file for
If it exists, change the value as follows.
If it does not exist, add it to the
bind-address = <ip address of your web node>
See MySQL documentation, especially if you have a clustered web server.
Save your changes to the configuration file and exit the text editor.
Restart the MySQL service:
service mysqld restart
service mysql restart
If MySQL fails to start, look in syslog for the source of the issue. Resolve the issue using MySQL documentation or another authoritative source.
To enable your web node to connect to the database server, you must grant a web node database user access to the database on the remote server.
This example grants the
root database user full access to the database on the remote host.
To grant access to a database user:
Log in to the database server.
Connect to the MySQL database as the
Enter the following command:
GRANT ALL ON <local database name>.* TO <remote web node username>@<remote web node server ip address> IDENTIFIED BY '<database user password>';
GRANT ALL ON magento_remote.* TO email@example.com IDENTIFIED BY 'dbuserpassword';
If your web server is clustered, enter the same command on every web server. You must use the same username for every web server.
On your web node host, enter the following command to verify the connection works:
mysql -u <local database username> -h <database server ip address> -p
If the MySQL monitor displays as follows, the database is ready for Adobe Commerce or Magento Open Source:
Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 213 Server version: 5.6.26 MySQL Community Server (GPL)
Copyright (c) 2000, 2015, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective owners.
Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.
If your web server is clustered, enter the command on each web server host.
When you install Adobe Commerce or Magento Open Source, you must specify the following: