Each development phase should have a corresponding branch in Git to track code changes and facilitate the deployment process:
Task branch—Where developers commit their individual code changes while implementing specific tasks, like features and bug fixes.
Development branch—Where multiple developers merge changes from their individual task branches into a single development branch for automated integration testing. This branch is deployed to a development environment.
QA branch—Where developers merge changes after development is complete and the code has passed all automated integration testing and code review. This branch is deployed to the QA environment for manual QA testing.
Stable/UAT branch—Where code is merged after it passes manual QA testing. This branch is deployed to a UAT environment for user acceptance testing.
Production/release branch—Where code is merged after it passes UAT. This branch is deployed to production for a release.