Stock represents a virtual, aggregated inventory of products for sources of your sales channels (websites). Depending on your site configuration, the stock may be assigned to one or more sales channels. Each sales channel can only have a single stock assigned to it, and a single stock can be assigned to multiple sales channels. Through the stock, you can modify the prioritization of sources used as orders come through a sales channel.
You start with a Default Stock that cannot be removed or disabled. You can add additional sales channels to the stock only. The only assigned source is Default Source. This stock is used by single-source Merchants, third-party integrations, and imported products.
Sales Channels represent entities selling your inventory. By default, Commerce provides your store websites as sales channels. Sales channels can be extended to support additional channels such as B2B customers groups and store views. Each sales channel can be associated to only one Stock.
The following diagram helps define how a Stock works in relation to Sources and Sales Channels for a Bicycle Shop merchant.
All stores start with a Default Stock. It must remain
Enabled for the following reasons:
For multi-source merchants, create and configure stocks to best fit your stores and order fulfillment. When you assign new stock to a sales channel, any pre-existing stock in that sales channel becomes unassigned.
For a multi-store installation, the Default Stock is initially assigned to the Main Website and default store. Correct stock and quantities are displayed for enabled and disabled products in the Products grid view.
|Add New Stock||Opens the New Stock form that is used to enter a new inventory stock for mapping inventory to sales channel.|
|ID||Unique, numeric ID generated for the stock entry.|
|Name||Unique name that identifies the inventory stock.|
|Sales Channels||Defines the scope of the stock by assigning the stock to specific websites as sales channels.|
|Assigned sources||Sources assigned to the stock that supply all product quantities.|
|Action||Edit - Opens the inventory stock record in edit mode.|